The role of an Occupational Therapist is to help
patients maintain or improve their daily life activities, whether it is in
relation to their occupation, lifestyle, or certain type of disability. Occupational therapists assess and determine
different treatment plans. They also help plan and set goals for their patients
to work to live a more productive and satisfying life.
Occupational Therapy is exceptionally different today
compared to over one hundred years ago. During the beginning stages of the Occupational
Therapy profession, which originated from the arts and crafts movement and the
moral treatment movement, it was believed that the use of arts and crafts were
a therapeutic approach for the treatment of body and mind because work was
better than idleness. There was no particular training for Occupational
Therapists during this time. During World War I and II, soldiers returning with
injuries needed assistance to return to their daily lives. Stated in the videos
provided, a rehabilitation movement began and occupational services were now
being recognized by the armed forces. By the 1950s, Occupational Therapy
developed by including vocational training, as well as therapy programs.
Development of new drugs and vaccines changed the focus on long term rehabilitation.
Occupational Therapy continued to develop and became recognized as a
profession, which then introduced university programs, and the opportunity to
develop different and more personalized types of care to patients. In today’s
society, the advancements of science and technology have helped to expand
methods of treatment significantly. Clinical settings and different methods of
care have also increased, as the need for Occupational Therapy continues to
I think that when Grandma’s friend was an OT in 1953,
the profession of Occupational Therapy was just starting to become of high
demand, and was recognized as a beneficial therapy especially in the 1950s when
WWII veterans were returning to their civilian lives. Occupational Therapy
became so much more than arts and crafts.
Awareness soon increased, which created more jobs and more outlooks on
different types of therapies and different ways to promote independence and