One of Center of Disease Control’s
top priorities is prevention of unplanned teen pregnancies. They believe that
it is a “winnable battle” in public health. The evidence based prevention
programs that they want tackle addresses knowledge, skills, and beliefs/attitudes
toward teen pregnancy. Research thus far suggested that teen pregnancy
prevention goals are to:

Decrease pregnancies among female teens

Delay initiation of teen sexual activity

Increase use of contraception,
particularly long-acting, reversible methods, among sexually active teens

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Highly effective sex
education and HIV prevention have been shown to delay the initiation of sex,
frequency of sex, the number of new partners, the incidence of unprotected sex
and/or increasing the use of condoms and contraception (Guttmacher Institute,
2013). This is called Comprehensive sex education, which teaches about
abstinence as the best method for avoiding STDs and unintended pregnancy. It provides
information on condoms and contraception to reduce the risk of unintended
pregnancy and of infection with STDs, including HIV. The sex education program
further explains interpersonal and communication skills that encourages
teenagers to explore their own values, goals, and options.

Another alternative
program is called, Abstinence-Only-Until-Marriage or Risk Avoidance, that teach
abstinence as the only “morally correct option” of sexual expression for
teenagers (Culp-Ressler, 2012). They usually censor information about
contraception and condoms for the prevention of sexually transmitted diseases
(STDs) and unintended pregnancy. Teens who receive a comprehensive education
about sex are 50 percent less likely to have an unintended pregnancy than those
who receive sex educations that are abstinence-only or contraception-only
programs (Furstenburg, 2010).


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