One of Center of Disease Control’stop priorities is prevention of unplanned teen pregnancies. They believe thatit is a “winnable battle” in public health. The evidence based preventionprograms that they want tackle addresses knowledge, skills, and beliefs/attitudestoward teen pregnancy. Research thus far suggested that teen pregnancyprevention goals are to:· Decrease pregnancies among female teens· Delay initiation of teen sexual activity· Increase use of contraception,particularly long-acting, reversible methods, among sexually active teensHighly effective sexeducation and HIV prevention have been shown to delay the initiation of sex,frequency of sex, the number of new partners, the incidence of unprotected sexand/or increasing the use of condoms and contraception (Guttmacher Institute,2013). This is called Comprehensive sex education, which teaches aboutabstinence as the best method for avoiding STDs and unintended pregnancy. It providesinformation on condoms and contraception to reduce the risk of unintendedpregnancy and of infection with STDs, including HIV.
The sex education programfurther explains interpersonal and communication skills that encouragesteenagers to explore their own values, goals, and options. Another alternativeprogram is called, Abstinence-Only-Until-Marriage or Risk Avoidance, that teachabstinence as the only “morally correct option” of sexual expression forteenagers (Culp-Ressler, 2012). They usually censor information aboutcontraception and condoms for the prevention of sexually transmitted diseases(STDs) and unintended pregnancy. Teens who receive a comprehensive educationabout sex are 50 percent less likely to have an unintended pregnancy than thosewho receive sex educations that are abstinence-only or contraception-onlyprograms (Furstenburg, 2010).