Law and order in the ideal political order would simply follow philosopher Jon Stuart Mills Harm Principle. “The only purpose for which power can be rightfully exercised over any member of a civilized community, against his will, is to prevent harm to others” (Brink). This meaning that the law would only intervene should the citizen issue harm against others. This would not only entail physical harm but branch out to anything that may threaten society and the individuals in it. Individuals will be given freedoms contingent on the lack of harm to others. Should their actions create harm actions will be taken accordingly as they will be judged by a group of their peers. This would be an unbias unemotional process based solely on fact and each action would have an equal consequence. Laws of equality would be determined in correlation with the work of Rawls and his idea of the veil of ignorance where he argues we know what type of society we would be happy to end up in if we had a choice and therefore we know what needs to be fixed within society (Freeman). Each individual would have the opportunity to be heard if they feel society is lacking in some way although most would not have reason to as each aspect would be catered to each person on an individual basis ensuring that everything is has a place and everything is in its place.
We must take on the question of who would lead in this virtuous society where everyone is in their rightful place. In Plato’s “The Republic” he argues that an ideal society would be led by an assembly of philosopher-kings (Ryan). These philosophers would support the collaboration of all citizens of the society. These individuals would be intellectual, dependable and prepared to live a simple life, as well as embody the four cardinal virtues of wisdom, courage, temperance, and justice. In the ideal society, these virtues and more would guide citizens but philosophers would not necessarily be the head of the governmental hierarchy. The ideal order would a complete democracy and subsequently, individuals would know and trust that the government is acting to protect what is mutually beneficial while remaining a force enabling them to grasp their true potential. The fundamental purpose of every aspect of this order is to incessantly help one another and grow both individually and collectively.
The largest conflict with the creating an ideal political order is the views of others. What one may believe is sufficient another may see as heinous. The same applies to the concepts of Utopia, for with every idea of utopia a dystopian view can be seen because of the spin of the outside perspective on it. In a day and age where people seem to critic any government that comes their way it is difficult to say if any of this would take hold. In the words of the journalist Peter Hitchens “Utopia is only approached across a sea of blood and you never get there.”