Yellow, in the novel, is mostlyassociated with Jay Gatsby: “That yellow car I was driving this afternoonwasn’t mine do you hear?” (Fitzgerald, 2013, p.150) Yellow is often put incomparison to gold in the novel, representing that even though Gatsby is wealthy,his fortune does not mirror his social status, as he is unable to enter thehigh class society of New York City.
His newly acquired fortune is merely aveneer behind which he hides in order to fit in and get closer to Daisy. “Thelights grow brighter as the earth lurches away from the sun, and now theorchestra is playing yellow cocktail music, and the opera of voices pitches akey higher”, writes the author about one of the Gatsby’s parties, highlightingthe fact that the parties Gatsby’s throwing are merely a gimmick to allureDaisy and fit in her world. (Fitzgerald, 2013, p.44) He is not a shallow personconsumed with money, he does not even take part in the parties he throws. Onthe other hand, Daisy’s world is no mask, her life really is as opulent as shegives out since she comes from a prominent family of high social status.
Fitzgeraldeven directly refers to Daisy as goldenin chapter seven: “It was full of money that was the inexhaustible charm thatrose and fell in it, the jingle of it, the cymbals’ song of it. . . .
high in awhite palace the king’s daughter, the golden girl.” (Fitzgerald, 2013, p.128)Another color closelyassociated with the character of Gatsby is blue. Generally seen as a symbol ofbad mood and depression, e.g., evidenced by the English expression to feel blue, blue in The Great Gatsby represents mostly melancholy,loneliness, serenity, and fantasy.
Blue represents everything Gatsby tries tohide behind his newly found lavish lifestyle, his inner lonely and unhappy self.Fitzgerald refers to the water separating Gatsby from Daisy symbolically as “bluelawn,” highlighting the melancholic nature of the disillusioned man’s fantasyof love. Another association to color blue is fantasy and illusion. Gatsby isblind to how superficial Daisy is, still holding on to the idea that she hasbeen in love in him all those years in between their separation, not realizinghow flimsy his dream is.
“He had come a long way to this blue lawn, and hisdream must have seemed so close that he could hardly fail to grasp it,” explainsNick referring to Gatsby’s failure to accomplish his dream. (Fitzgerald, 2013, p.193)