is the process of using symbols (letters of the alphabet, punctuation and
spaces) to communicate thoughts and ideas in readable form” (What is Writing, n.d.).


Creative writing is the
expression of thoughts, feelings and emotions instead of just reporting
information (Patel, n.d. and Hale, n.d.). The general objective of creative
writing is to express something (Patel, n.d.). Specifically, its purpose is to:
persuade; entertain; inform; or express (Reyes, 2014). Creative writing can be
classified into different types such as journals, diaries, essays, stories,
poetry, memoirs, vignettes, letters, scripts, song lyrics, speeches,
journalism, blogging and free writing (Donovan, 2015). The different types can
be classified into the major forms of creative writing which include fiction,
non-fiction, poetry, and (auto)biography (Hale, n.d.). The writing process
starts from brainstorming or the organization of thoughts, then the author
collects additional information through research and starts writing the
outline. A rough draft can then be written, following the flow of topics in the
outline. Several proof-reading, editing, and revisions of the draft will be
done until the final output can be produced (Donovan, 2015 and Reyes, 2014). Usually,
the target audience and language style depend on the type of creative writing
that was used. The content of the output must be appropriate to the target
audience of the author. Different factors like age, gender, sexual orientation,
education, interest, socio-economic status and the like should be considered by
the author (Reyes, 2014). Informal language is commonly used in creative


Scientific writing is a form
of writing that follows the scientific method (Humanities vs sciences, n.d.).
The scientific method starts from a question or problem, then research is done
to provide additional information. A hypothesis can then be formulated which can
be proved or disproved through data gathering or experimentation. The data that
were gathered are then analyzed and until a conclusion can be made (Steps of the Scientific Method, n.d.). The types of
scientific writing include journals, reports, literature reviews and essays (Scientific Writing). The target audience
should also depend on the type of writing that was used. As compared to
creative writing, the language style used in scientific writing is more formal
and structured. There are also some factors that need to be considered in
writing scientific papers like the appropriate usage of scientific and technical
terms, being objective rather than subjective, usage of the passive voice
rather than the active voice and avoiding abbreviations, personal expressions
or statements (Writing for Science, n.d.).


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