Withthe end of the conflicts of the Second War and the defeat of the Nazis, theGerman capital Berlin, was divided into four areas. The United States, Britain,France and the Soviet Union began to command and administer each of theseregions.

In 1949, the capitalist countries (United States, France and GreatBritain) made an agreement to integrate their areas into the Federal Republicof Germany (West Germany). The Soviet sector, East Berlin, became integratedinto the German Democratic Republic (East Germany), following the pro-Sovietsocialist system. By the year 1961, Berliners could freely pass from one sideof the city to the other. However, in August 1961, with the rise of the ColdWar and the great migration of Berliners from the east to the west, the EastGerman government decided to build a wall dividing the two sectors. It alsoenacted laws prohibiting the passage of people to the western sector of thecity. On November 9, 1989, with the crisis of the socialist system in EasternEurope and the end of this system in East Germany, the fall of the walloccurred.

Citizens of Germany went to the streets to celebrate the historicmoment and helped to bring down the wall. The symbolic act also represented theend of the Cold War and the first step in Germany’s reintegration process.