With the growing volume and sophistication of cyber attacks, the scale of these attacks reaches thousands per day. Cybersecurity researchers have been working for many years to prevent computers, databases, programs, systems and networks from unauthorized access, attack, alteration or destruction. In addition, it is also a critical issue in government discussions and security decision makers in the current state of security worldwide. Pakistan played an important role in stopping the global war on terror after 9/11. As a nuclear power and a geopolitical location, the potential of the various internal and external security concerns raised over the past decade has arisen.
The Government of Pakistan implements defense policies that stop the entry of terrorists into the country and supervise territorial borders. It also requires decisive defensive measures for important electronic services in the country, such as the National Database and Registration Authority, e-government services, capital markets and the Government’s interest in the current security situation. These services use firewalls and other technologies to protect systems, however, there are many possibilities by which terrorists can use the Internet as a source of attack, control and stopping basic ICT services.
This paper discusses cyber challenges in the unstable security situation in Pakistan today. Modern societies rely on cyberspace, which provides valuable and fundamental services to the functions of human life and the environment as well as challenges and threats. Cybersecurity aims to provide and understand the ability to influence cyberspace procedures and rules; this requires sufficient knowledge of the stability, limitations and vulnerabilities of ICTs and the improvement of critical operating factors in cyberspace. The analysis of regulatory issues related to cybersecurity raises some researchers, but little attention has been paid by researchers in cybersecurity and national development, mostly from the point of view of States, they should develop their own security policies. Is a major challenge for many countries, including Pakistan.
It is recognized that the potential of security systems to sabotage internal and external sources. It is recognized that cyberspace terrorists may be able to create integrity, availability or attack on the Internet in secret services or services related to the government database. The security, flexibility and credibility of the country’s assets and government and government services also pose a major challenge to organizations as well as an increasing number of serious attacks on classified information, which is also one of the most serious national security and economic threats in Pakistan.Cyber ??threats and policies in Pakistan After the theft of classified information by the US National Security Agency, the National Council for Communications and Information Technology (NTSP) recommended policies to protect government and organizations and their services from cyber attacks.
The Cabinet Division says that “this scenario raised serious concerns justifying the implementation of all policies and guidelines in true letter and spirit,” and “the United States is the leader in ICT uses multiple tools mainly through electronic (Javed Mirza 2013) Terrestrial and terrestrial intelligence systems such as satellites, telephone registration, public pulse collection through e-mail filtering, radio monitoring, leakage of communications and vulnerabilities in IT-based networks, sensitive information and advanced means in August 2014) Hackers have begun to attack Pakistani websites containing classified information related to the security forces and the federal government by launching Denial of Service (DOS) attacks. The FBI can hardly handle such attacks because it requires training / experts who track or stop these cyber attacks according to the report (Javed Mirza 2013) to deal with these attacks can be tracked by hackers through proxies, such as Tor, a free software that enables online identity and control resistance.The future solution should focus on the security and privacy of the Internet, cybersecurity needs more development in Pakistan, although it costs a fortune the government should try and save money for it, the Internet has become very important for companies, sharing personal information and communication, through poor security , It can be easy to access information that has developed special and sensitive data.
With regard to the threat, technical changes are necessary.