When a person cannot control their drinking habits and drinkexcessive amounts that put their health at risk, that is considered Alcoholism.The disorder can be caused genetically or from the environment that people livein. The cost of drinking excessively is a person’s own health. It can causethings like liver disease, heart disease, and an overall weakened immunesystem. Alcoholism can first be detected when a person notices that they can nolonger have just a “few” drinks or find themselves drinking a lot more thanthey normally would.
Help for alcohol addiction can be found through doctorsand support groups. It is possible to overcome Alcoholism and maintain ahealthy lifestyle after the diagnosis. Correct treatment can help a person getbetter, help family and friends gain their loved one back, and improve overallstandards of life.
Alcoholismaffects a person’s home, work, and social life.When someone can no longercontrol how much they drink and have lost their tolerance drinking butcontinues to do it when it affects their ordinary daily routine is alcoholism.Over time drinking excessively can cause damage to the brain changing functionsof the brain associated with judgement and a person’s ability to control theirbehavior and actions (mayo clinic).
The craving for alcohol comes when a personfeels like they no longer want to be completely be in control and begin to letalcohol take over. Signs and symptoms of this disorder can be not completingtasks due to over consumption, not being able to limit yourself drinking,giving up work and social duties, strong craving of alcohol all the time,experiencing nausea or sweating when not drinking. These symptoms will start totake over a person’s life making the addiction so strong it becomes harder and harderto overcome. When the first signs of alcoholism occur doctors will perform aphysical exam and run different lab and imaging tests to confirm the disease(mayo clinic). Once the diagnosis of the disease is made treatments options areput into place.
Options for treatment vary from detoxing to medications andprofessional help. Detox and withdrawal is medically managed and usually takesseven days to become active. Psychotherapy is common because alcoholism isfound within other mental health disorders. Drug therapy is another treatmentoption. The oral drug given to the patient is called disulfiram, if the persondrinks alcohol it creates a reaction where nausea, vomiting, and headaches takeplace.
This is used to make the patient stop drinking to avoid the symptomsfrom happening again. Since alcohol is a depressant drug, it suppresses thecentral nervous system affecting muscle coordination, speech, and ability toprocess information. The effect of this disease on family and friends can besocially and genetically. For children of alcoholics, they are more prone togetting the disease.
The same thing for people who even have distant relativeswith the disease. For family and friends it take a toll because they have aperson in their life they love that cannot control themselves. Since they alsohave to deal with the repercussions of alcoholism, support groups are availableto them as well. Majorhealth complications of alcohol consumption over time can be liver disease,heart disease, birth defects, digestion problems. Impacting the overall immunesystem, an alcoholics body is more susceptible to diseases and viruses.
Liverdisease is when the alcohol creates fat build up on the liver causinginflammation and tissue damage leading the organ to eventually fail. If aperson is an alcoholic they are not allowed on the transplant list because theyhave struggled with addiction, making their recovery and survival chances veryslim. Tests a doctor might have to run in order to determine liver disease areliver biopsies, blood count, and liver function tests. Overall,when a person becomes an alcoholic they let drug dependence and substance abusetake over who they are and let it control their lives (medlineplus). When theperson can no longer control themselves they begin to lose their drive to workand communicate socially like any otherperson.
The amount of health risks a person has being an alcoholic is increasedbecause of the loss of control.