-Whenwe talk about speaking, we can say that speaking is the delivery of languagethrough the mouth. When we speak, we create many sounds using many parts of ourbody, including vocal chords and tract, tongue, lips, teeth, etc. Speaking isalso one of the four language skills: listening, speaking, reading, writing.There are two kinds of speaking: formal and informal. Formal speaking occurs inbusiness or academic situations, whereas informal speaking is used with familyand friends.
-Furthermore, if we want our speaking bemore effective we should be able to speak with clarity and confidence. Thiswill also effect on your own personality. Speaking clearly and effectively helpus to communicate ideas precisely. Whereas some aspects of effective speakingare: accents, vocal production, the effect of breath on voice and speechetc.
The accent is a way of pronouncing wordsshared by the people of a particular country or region. When we speak aboutvocal production, it means that there are three core elements that effect onyour own speaking. These are: Volume (to be heard); Clarity (to be understood);and Variety (to add interest). Whereas, the effect of breath on voice andspeech will change when we are under stress. So, good breathing is essentialbecause the breath will support the voice to be stronger, it releases tensionand promotes relaxation. -According to Cardone (2009), speakingis one of the most critical assets of getting yourself and your ideas into themarketplace. The more convincing and effective your speaking skills the moreeffective you will be. There are seven steps to effective speaking in front ofthe audience: Own the stage; Big claims; Inspire, do not preach; Bang onemessage; Relate; Definitions; End with a success story or message of hope andinspiration.
By effective public speaking, we can encourage, teach, and inspireothers. We consider our speaking efficient when we have a rich, pure, and understandablevocabulary. Learning and studying as much as more phrases is also good for ourspeaking. -According to Levelt (1989) “Talking isone of our dearest occupations.” We spend hours a day talking, teaching,telling stories and sometimes speaking to ourselves.
Moreover, he claims thatspeaking is one of our most complex linguistic, cognitive, and motor skills. Itis also a unique skill to our species.-Furthermore, another way of effectivespeaking is self-confidence.
Developing confidence by doing practice orsomething else is good for everyone in order to defeat and vanish fear because Emerson said that “Fear defeats more people than any other one thing in the world.”-Moreover, most of the people use poorgrammar when they talk and some of them mispronounce most of the words. So, inorder that our speaking be more efficient, we should improve our grammar andthe pronouncing of difficult words.-On the other hand, nonverbalcommunication is also as important as verbal communication in conveyingmessages, whereas effective speakers use their eyes, face, hands to delivertheir speech in the best way possible.
They make eye contact with the audiencerather than focus on their notes and they use appropriate facial expressionsand sometimes gestures to reflect their conviction about their topic and toreinforce important points (Verderber, 2012.) -Another way to effective or successfulspeaking is feedback. Moreover, when the speaker is sensitive to the audience’sreactions, he can modify his message to achieve the best effect. The right important conditions is alsoan important factor in effective speaking (Turk, 1985).Speaking fluently is another way ofmaking our speaking efficient since fluency in language means speaking easily,reasonably quickly and without stopping or pausing. However, we should startour speech in order to grab attention at the beginning and close it with adynamic end.
Moreover, consisting good oratory is another priority of ourspeaking.-However, becoming a good speaker is noteasy, but if we want to be a better speaker we should have in mind thesethings: plan appropriately, practice, engage with the audience, pay attentionto body language, think positively, cope with your nerves, watch recordings ofyour speeches, etc.-So, on the other hand, if we want tohave an effective speaking, we need to slow down our speech, pronounce eachsyllable, and practice our pronunciation and diction. We also should articulateour words, practice our grammar, expand our vocabulary, be confident in ourspeech, etc.