Wheat is a type of cereal grass that cultivated for its seed,
used in the form of flour of making bread and other types of staple food. It is
one of the most commonly ingested cereal grains. Wheat is mainly composed by
carbohydrates. According to a graph report by Healthline
website, 100 grams of wheat flour contains 340 calories, 11% water, 13.2g
protein and 72g carbon approximately. As you can see, wheat contains about 72%
of carbs, and starch accounts for over 90% of the total carbs content. Wheat
contains gluten, which accounts for up to 80% of the total protein content in
wheat, can trigger a harmful immune response in some individuals. But to people
who tolerate gluten, wheat is a rich source of various antioxidants, vitamins,
minerals and fibers.

Wheat prefer rich loose soil, provided with
good drainage to avoid fungus. Soil that is too compacted prevent the growth of
roots. Wheat prefer neutral of alkaline with PH between 5.5 and 7. According to
North Dakota State University, wheat is grown in soils
ranging from sandy to clay-packed, but does best in a loamy mixture across the midwestern United States and
Canada. Loamy soil with their balanced mix of soil, and
plenty soil poles that allow wheat roots to well develop and rapidly absorb
water and nutriention. I consider a loamy soil with 40 percent sand, 40 percent
silt and 20 percent clay is
most suitable for wheat.

When a farmland is ploughed, the exposed topsoil is often blown away by
wind or washed away by rain. And one of the major crops
that cause soil erosion is wheat. Me as a farmer will switch
to no-till farming, it will help greatly reduce topsoil erosion since no-till farming can keeps nutritions and water inside the soil
and less vulnerable to soil degradation.

Wheat planning needs many nutrients. Carbon,
hydrogen and oxygen can be provided by water and air while photosynthesis and
cellular respiration. Nitrogen, phosphorous, potassium, calcium and magnesium
can by supplied from soil and fertilizer sources. During the peak nutrient
demand period around summer, wheat needs large amount of Nitrogen, Phosphate,
Magnesium, Zinc and Potassium. So as a farmer I will provides
at least 25-30 lbs of nitrogen per acre, at the same
time applied about 20bu/ac of phosphorus and fertilizers that contains other
nutrients like K, Zn and S. If nutrients run off into bodies of water I will
change my irrigation system into dripping irrigation, and change my farming
method into less-till farming and provide more nutrients into my crops.

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