What liquid containing a metal called barium being

 

What
is Stomach Ulcers?

In
medical terminology, stomach ulcers are acknowledged as a type of peptic ulcer
disease, which are painful open sores in the stomach lining or the duodenum of
the small intestine (Gholipour, B. 2017). The reason why stomach ulcers occur
is that the thick layer of mucus protecting the stomach from digestive juices
is decreasing. As a result, this allows digestive acids to eat away tissues in
the stomach lining which will cause an ulcer. There are many types of stomach
ulcers that are caused by a bacterial infection such as Helicobacter pylori
bacteria or H. pylori. This is the most common bacteria that causes ulcers in
the stomach however, many medications can play a key factor in helping the
bacteria produce the ulcer such as aspirin, ibuprofen, and other nonsteroidal
anti-inflammatory medicines (Gholipour, B. 2017). Also, there are exactly three
types of peptic ulcers founded which are gastric ulcers that develop inside the
stomach, esophageal ulcers that develop inside the esophagus, and duodenal
ulcers that develop in the upper portion of the small intestine which is the
duodenum. Next, diagnosis and treatment will depend on the severity of the
symptoms and the ulcer; doctors most commonly diagnose ulcers using a method
called endoscopy. In detail, receiving an endoscopy involves taking a camera
directly into the stomach to look for forming ulcers that are visible and to
detect if the ulcers are not something else. This is not the only way to detect
ulcers, testing for stomach ulcers come with various steps and tests that must
be completed. It can include up to stool samples, blood samples, or even breath
tests to detect if the bacteria H. pylori are present. In occasions, X-rays
could be used to examine the ulcer with a liquid containing a metal called barium
being ingested for the procedure.

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            The
most common symptom of peptic ulcers is having constant abdominal pains which
are combined with a burning sensation. These pains usually occur in the upper
middle part of the abdomen. Also, the pains can typically feel as if they’re
burning and can be transferred to the back. It can be irritated when the
stomach is empty and can be felt worse at night and in the early morning.
Another sign or symptom of early peptic ulcers is the constant feeling of
heartburns and indigestion. They are most painful when the stomach is empty,
which is the leading cause of lack of appetite and vomiting of the individual.
Peptic ulcers are also attributed to the sudden loss of body weight in gastric
ulcer because eating does not relieve the pain and could still worsen it. Yet,
it will lead to gaining weight because the person eats to relieve the pain
without knowing the depths of the symptoms (Lanza, Chan, and Quigley, 2009). It
should be recognized that symptoms like a sudden increase in abdominal pains,
vomiting of blood and blood in stool are critical signs of chronic peptic
ulcers. These signs are a possibility that the ulcer has either broken a blood
vessel or perforated the stomach. Furthermore, this could be because of the
blockage of food from moving from the stomach into the duodenum and thus
causing vomiting (The American College of Gastroenterology, 2009).

As
stated, diagnosis and treatment depend on the severity of the symptoms. The
treatment of peptic ulcers is mainly focused as a concern for eliminating the
underlying causes of the disease. This is because it is the wisest decision on
reducing chances of occurrence of the condition. Therefore, that is why
medication is mainly given for eliminating the Helicobacter pylori bacteria as
well as helping the body overcome the symptoms of peptic ulcers. On the other
hand, if a peptic ulcer is bleeding severely, Endoscopy might be needed to stop
the bleeding. If the bleeding cannot be stopped with Endoscopy, surgery might
be essential (Gholipour, B. 2015). 
Finally, apart from medication and surgery as ways of treating peptic
ulcers, doctors will commonly advise on self-control from risk factors by the
patient that may be causing symptoms of ulcers. These factors mainly include
abuse of alcohol and cigarette smoking, and as well as an unhealthy diet. It
has been confirmed that taking foods rich in fibers will greatly reduce the
chances of sustaining peptic ulcers therefore, it is ideal that focusing on the
foods one consumes and having a healthy diet is a significant way of preventing
stomach ulcers, to begin with.

Likewise,
it has been proved that the prevalence of stomach ulcers in the US has
increased, and 10-15 percent of the human population is at risk of suffering
from the stomach ulcers at some point in their lifetime (Peptic Ulcer, 2017).
Not only that, but studies show that peptic ulcers are more common in men than
in women; this is because of the higher numbers of men engaged in alcohol
drinking and cigarette smoking compared to women, however, this does not mean
that stomach ulcers do not affect women at all. In fact, stomach ulcers affect
women more frequently (Peptic Ulcer, 2017). Equally important, Peptic ulcers
play an important role in the patient’s life. The most acknowledged is that
ulcers in most case, cannot be completely treated. They are usually recurrent
to alcohol abusers and smokers. Most people with chronic ulcers experience
intolerable pain and sleeplessness; this can have a remarkable impact on the
patient’s life, as their lifestyles may change. (Prevention of NSAID-Related
Ulcer Complications). If peptic ulcers are not to be treated at an early stage,
it can penetrate other internal body parts which can cause more pain to the
patient. It has also been discovered that peptic ulcers can lead to perforation
of the wall of the digestive system thus leading to the spilling of digestive
system contents into the abdominal cavity (Prevention of NSAID-Related Ulcer
Complications). As a result, stomach ulcers can lead to the swelling of the
abdominal wall hence making it possible for the free flow of food in the
digestion system. Lastly, it has been established that peptic ulcers are a
great contributing factor in causing peptic cancer. Due to this, it is
important that the person focuses on their symptoms and treat the problem
quickly.

In
conclusion, it should be acknowledged that prevention is better than cure. It
is mainly advised that people avoid risk factors which can lead to peptic
ulcers. In the past, it was a broad way to tell people with peptic ulcers to
change the way of their eating habits by consuming small amounts of meals, and
frequent amounts of bland foods. Also, people can prevent peptic ulcers by
avoiding alcohol consumption, cigarette smoking, and non-steroidal
anti-inflammatory drugs that can increase stomach acid secretion, and break
down the stomach’s protective barrier. Furthermore, people are advised to avoid
living in small places, avoid contaminated water or food, and stay strict of
precautions as well as daily personal hygiene (Peptic Ulcer Disease Prognosis
and Prevention).

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

References

 

Gholipour, B. (2017)
Retrieved from

 https://www.livescience.com/34799-stomach-peptic-gastric-ulcers.html/

Lanza, Chan, and Quigley.
(2009) Retrieved from

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19240698

Peptic Ulcer Disease
Prognosis and Prevention. (n.d.) Retrieved from

 http://www.healthcommunities.com/peptic-ulcer-disease/prognosis-prevention.shtml
Peptic Ulcer. (2017) Retrieved from
https://www.britannica.com/science/peptic-ulcer

Peptic Ulcer. (2017)
Retrieved from

https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-condtions/peptic-ulcer/symptoms-causes/syc-

 20354223

Prevention of
NSAID-Related Ulcer Complications. (n.d.) Retrieved from

 https://gi.org/guideline/prevention-of-nsaid-related-ulcer-complications/