We think we are doing a good job at performing several tasks together, but multitasking is actually doing more harm than good. A research conducted at Stanford University found that doing a single task at a time is more productive than multitasking. People who multitask a lot were unable to recall information, pay attention, or switch from one job to another as compared to people who finish one thing at a time (Gorlick, 2009). A study in the Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance (Vol. 27, No. 4) indicates that multitasking may actually be less efficient, especially for complex or unfamiliar tasks because it mentally takes extra time to switch between the two tasks (Smith, 2001). Multitasking reduces our efficiency and performance because our brain can only focus on one thing at a time. When we try to do multiple things at the same time, our brain fails to perform those tasks successfully.I would like to explain this by giving a very recent personal experience. I just started my Master’s degree program. It is my first master’s degree in a different country. The first week that I started I had a long reading list in my courses and assignments due at the end of the week. I was overwhelmed by the amount of work I had in hand. I was constantly jumping from one course to the other thinking I might finish faster if I do so. I ended up not understanding the material properly and wasted a lot of my time. My husband suggested that I should read one course at a time and also makes notes in order to understand better. I followed his advice and started over again. This time I was focusing on one task at a time. I not only understood better but I was also able to finish faster than I expected. So, from the next week, I planned my schedule in advance in order to finish on time. In an article from the University of Southern California, the solution they had for this problem was quite appropriate according to me. It said rather than jumping between tasks frequently dedicate a fixed amount of time for every task at hand. For example, spend 20 minutes reading the day’s news and then move on to your next assignment for 20 minutes, and so on. That will increase both our efficiency and speed. (University of Southern California)References- 1.    Gorlick, Adam. 2009. Media multitaskers pay mental price, Stanford study shows. Stanford News Service. https://news.stanford.edu/2009/08/24/multitask-research-study-082409/2.    Smith, D. 2001. Multitasking undermines our efficiency, study suggests Vol 32, No. 9. http://www.apa.org/monitor/oct01/multitask.aspx3.    The University of Southern California. To Multitask or Not to Multitask. https://appliedpsychologydegree.usc.edu/resources/articles/to-multitask-or-not-to-multitask/


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