URTI’s could be either due to a bacterialinfection or a viral infection, as they affect several parts starting from the nasalturbinate’s, pharynx, larynx, trachea, lungs and to the bronchus. URTI is an infectionthat could simply diffuse from person to person in many different ways byeither coughing or sneezing or even through hands contact (Meneghetti, 2017).
The respiratory infections occurs more frequently in children, sensitive adultsand in elderly people (Schapowal, 2015). As URTI’s are morecommon in the winter season, due to insufficient balance of malnutrition andthe body immunity. Main symptoms for upper respiratory tract infections are:runny nose, coughing, sneezing, sore throat, headache, nasal congestion, breathingdifficulty, etc. The upper respiratory tract infection symptomscould be relieved by using some natural remedies that are found at home oreasily found from plants with several methods such as:Echinacea is a purple coneflower plant fromthe Asteraceae family, essentially raised in North America and Europe used aspreparations for treating common colds (Marlies Karsch-Völk, 2015). It was found thatEchinacea is used in preparations for treating upper respiratory tractinfections as it has an immune stimulant effects where it relieves the symptomsassociated with URTI’s and reduces the risk of recurrent infections (Cohen, et al., 2004).Honey is one of the best natural remedies inwhich many cultures uses in the treatment of URTI’s (Paul, et al.
, 2007).Different studies shows that honey has several properties including antiviral,antibacterial and anti-inflammatory, where it was found to be a good remedywhich is used traditionally in reduci8ng and treating cough (Oduwole, et al., 2014).According to the WHO, honey has a potential treatment and has severaladvantages such as cheap, safe and a popular demulcent which helps in throatsoothe and cough relieving (Paul, et al., 2007). Studies shows thatit reduces the symptoms of coughing in which allows the individual probablysleep (Meneghetti, 2017). To a lukewarm glass of water add 1teaspoon of honey with a 1 lemon juice to it or add 1 tablespoon of honey to aglass of warm milk (El-Kased, 2016). Honey is notrecommended for children under the age of 1 as it has a risk of botulism (Fashner, et al.
, 2012).Garlic (Allium Sativum) is another naturalremedy which could be used for upper respiratory tract infections, as it wasfound that it may reduce the severity of symptoms of URTI’s, as it was found tohave antibacterial and antiviral properties (P, 2001). It has been usedtraditionally due to its effects of either preventing or treating therespiratory infections (Fashner, et al., 2012).Humidified air could also be used in thetreatment of upper respiratory tract infections. The humidifier is used for keepingthe air around always moist, is it helps in keeping the nose and the sinusmembranes moist to help in reliving the cough.
As dry air is not recommendedfor people in this situation as it could worsen the sire throat and increase inbreath difficulties (Arroll, 2005).Eucalyptus (Eucalyptus Globulus) is a treein which it’s leaves and oil is used in medicine. Take some leaves ofeucalyptus and boil them in a dish, and the steam could be inhaled as it helpsin reducing the symptoms of the respiratory infection and if any throat pain (A, et al., 2012).
The oil could also be used for relieving the symptoms of respiratory infections,where diluting the oil of the eucalyptus and taking it orally to reduce most ofupper respiratory tract infection symptoms including cough, sinus pain, pain orinflammation of the respiratory tract, etc (C, et al., 2008).Nasal Saline “Salt Water”, can be used tohelp in relieving the symptoms of nasal congestion (Meneghetti, 2017).
It is less cost effective and simply done at home, by taking forth teaspoon ofsalt and add it to a glass of warm water, and dissolve it. Inhale the solutiongently allowing the solution to reach the nasal passages, then blow the nose allowingthe solution to be flushed out (Arroll, 2005). Or it could be usedas a gargling solution as it is very popular in Japan, as they believe thatwashing the throat prevents and treats the upper respiratory tract infections. Anda study was done in 2003, showing the effectiveness of gargling while sufferingfrom an URTI (Satomura, et al., 2005).