Unemployment has become a leading world problem atter the economic slowdown affected almost the entire world. Pakistan is a now going through its 64th year of Independence but still the public Is listening to the lame promises of the politicians, as the people of Pakistan are still suffering from a major population of poor, ignorant and unemployed residents. The problem of unemployment is becoming day by day more acute. In Aslan countries unemployment Is at Its highest peak. In the traditional societies, salaried jobs did not exist as money was not in use.
These cultures lived off the land directly and the land belonged to the tribe or no one. Everyone knew how to bulld shelter and make food. when these cultures invented currency and moved to the cities, they began to depend on money to buy food from a middle man, instead of growing, gathering or hunting the food directly from nature. Dependence on Jobs to make money to buy food and shelter was the beginning of unemployment. Since then unemployment has taken the center position n almost every country. In Pakistan due to gigantic rise in population, individual finances have been disturbed a lot. This Is because ot rlslng unemployment.
The major causes of unemployment in Pakistan are: Firstly. Joblessness in Pakistan is worsening. Law and order situation, owing to this negative social phenomenon, foreign direct investment is sliding down to bottom. As new jobs are not generating while the Job seekers are raising continuously in the country Secondly, Agriculture is account for maximum Job provision in the country. Agriculture sector Is facing severe hallenges of water shortage, climate changes and technological backwardness in recent years About 62% of Pakistan population is living in rural areas, and is directly or Indirectly linked with agriculture for their livelihood.
Thirdly, Industry Is also a heaven for educated as well as semi-educated labour force in the country. Pakistan industry is short listing its labour because of gradual decrease in demand as well as acute energy shortage. Energy shortfall has cause severe damage to productive capacity. There is a severe type of competition in the open market. Those who are ell competent and active enough stand a great chance of selection up to the standard than expected over. The copy culture has also Influenced the educational system. It is backward and deficit and youths are not trained full well to come to the market demands.
The ongoing educational system is divided in such a way that it classes between the people In accordance with the college and universities are infested with political parties. All of that creates confusion, rifts and tumbles between the students. The political parties member are found in undesirable criminal actlvltles In educational Institution. Therefore students after getting degrees, lag behind and it’s the reason they remain unemployed. Effects of unemployment are social not just economic. Frequently crime rates rise as people are unable to meet their need through work.
Divorce rates otten rise because people can not solve their financial problems The rate of homelessness rises, as do the rates for mental and physical Illness. Homes are foreclosed and hopeless that can result from losing ones has murdered his entire family as a result of overwhelming economic pressure. It is all due to financial disaster that pushed them over the edge. Loss of income and the esulting hardships to the individual and his or her family is the most obvious and direct effect of unemployment. In addition the unemployed person also suffers from lose of self respect and dignity in the society.
Education is a key to change and progress, both change and progress go hand in hand, no change no progress. Therefore educational system should be stabilized and changed to prepare the youths according to true values of life and especially to the market demands. All the youths belonging to elites or non elites ought to be prepared in government colleges and universities which will lead the system to reform. Moreover, industrialization should be developed in country that would lead to employment opportunities for the youths by contributing stability to the country. The problem of unemployment is becoming more and more acute.
The only way to diminish the intensity of unemployment is to encourage the youth towards the welfare of the county. The education system must be reformed up to the level of an underdeveloped country. Agriculturists must be encouraged by the government. We must have a clean and corruption free government. More and more industries must be built to provide much opportunity to the youth. Pakistan is a poor country in regard of industrialization. Therefore industrialization must be given top priority. Youths activities and energies should be directed in a useful channel for the nation’s prosperity.
Unemployment is an alarming tone for the survival of the country. Solution to this problem is a must to wriggle the new generation out of the sense of deprivation In every society there will always be a number of people who are unemployed. Unemployment is when there are people in our society who desire work but are unable to obtain it because of the fact that there are not enough Jobs for everyone. This is bad for the Australian economy because there are lots of fit and healthy people out there who have the ability work but have to stay home and as a result they have to go on the doll.
There are five different types of unemployment: seasonal, frictional, hard-core, structural and cyclical. Seasonal unemployment is when people are unemployed due to the changing of seasons because in some seasons there are certain occupations that have a greater demand for work then others. For example, fruit pickers and sheep Shearer’s can work only at certain times of the year and will spend part of each year unemployed unless they can find work. People affected by seasonal unemployment often work very long hours during their working season to make up for the time that they will be unemployed.
Frictional unemployment is caused bye people changing Jobs constantly. A person who is unhappy with his or her Job may quit their Job in order to find something more suitable. A high quality secretary might leave her Job because she is required to do minimal tasks like making coffee or washing plates and cups, or a factory worker may quit because his employer might not give him time off to attend a carpentry course that will improve his skills and qualifications. It will take both people some time to find new satisfactory positions and during this time they will be unemployed.
Hard- but are unable because they are chronically ill, physically disabled or have some serious psychological problems. Structural unemployment is the result of structural changes in the economy. This means that what the economy produces, and the is caused by the way it produces it, changes over time. The main factor of these changes is because our technologys advancing, peoples taste in things change or industries change location. An example of structural unemployment is the technological revolution. Computers may have eliminated Jobs, but they also opened up new positions for those who had the skills to operate the computers.
These people who have lost there Job must either obtain new skills and qualifications, or stay unemployed. Cyclical unemployment is the result of a general depression in the economy resulting from the trade cycle. When companies do not have a high level of production or consumers don’t spend enough money on goods and services this will lead to many people becoming unemployed because there is no need for them in the economy. When companies increase production and consumers increase their urchases, the demand for workers will increase again and unemployment will decrease.
There are many factors that can cause unemployment but one of the biggest factors is lack of private investment. This is caused by private companies not expanding there activities fast or not expanding them fast enough. Another main factor of unemployment is the increase of labour costs. Labour costs are the wages and salaries businesses have to pay there employees. This is a bad thing because if there wages and salaries increase to fast or are already high then businesses won’t be able to afford to pay the employees so they have to fire them.
One final cause of unemployment is when there is a depression in the world economy. This is when countries of the world are going bad in there economy and cannot afford to buy as many exports as they would be able to previously. This means that Australia will produce less goods and services and will be forced to dismiss there workers. There are no positive aspects of unemployment and is really bad for the production of the economy. This means that we are wasting our resources because instead of producing goods and services with them we aren’t doing anything with them.