Traditions and Encounters Chapter 12

Notes BY 17arthii
Chapter 12.1 Chapter Thesis pages 233-4. (see Last paragraph and be sure to mention Zhang Qian)

2. What were the two developments that stimulated long distance trade? (p. 234) Rulers invested heavily in the construction of roads and bridges Classical societies built large imperial states that sometimes expanded to the point where they bordered one another.
3. What was the Monsoon System? P. 235 The sailors learned about the patterns of the ocean winds and were able to use them to their advantage They established links by way of the Red Sea between India and Arabia in he east and Egypt and the Mediterranean in the west.
4. Which three empires in the classical period really focused on Silk Road trade? P. 236. Han Empire Parthian Empire Roman Empire.
5. Describe the Overland Trade routes pp. 236-7 Aka the Silk Roads Used for caravan trade The main road went from the Han Capitol of Changan to the Roman Empire.
6. Describe the different goods that were trade pp. 237-8. High quality silk from China Spices (cloves, nutmeg, mace, cardamom) Ginger Cinnamon Pepper Sesame oil Textiles Pearl Coral Ivory Horses Statues Glassware Jewelry Other precious items.
7. Which three major religions spread as a result of the Silk Road? P. 239 Buddhism Hinduism Christianity.
8. Describe the spread of Buddhism and Hinduism. P. 240. Buddhism First started spreading along the coast on the silk road As people traded and talked with people from other places around the world, Buddhism spread Hinduism Pretty much the same as Buddhism, except it was already pretty big before it started spreading and it originated quite clearly in India Y. wno was Manw Manichaeism is derived from his beliefs Drew deep influence from Christianity and Buddhism Wanted a prophet for all humanity Viewed the world as the site of a constant cosmic struggle between the forces of life and those of darkness.
Light: spiritual awareness.
Dark: materialistic world.

Wanted people to reject worldly pleasures 10. Mani “created a syncretic religion that would serve the needs of a cosmopolitan world. ” What does this sentence mean? (p. 242) His doctrine offered a rational explanation for the presence of good and that of evil while also providing a means for individuals to achieve personal salvation and contribute to the triumph of good over evil.

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