To form a union at your place of employmentthere are five steps that you will need to take and are addressed in the aboveflow chart. These steps are: Know yourrights, gather information, build the union, make the union official andnegotiate and win the contract (OPEIU, n.
d.). Before you begin the process, you must begin to meet with others withthe same concerns you have at your workplace after hours and away from workpremises.In step one (1) you begin to meet with thosewith the same concerns.
You start toresearch your rights in forming a union. This information can be found in the National Labor Relations Act (NLRA)website (www.nlrb.
gov). Basically, itstates that employees and employers have protected civil rights and areencouraged to jointly bargain, to limit private sector labor and management practices,which can be a danger to the over-all well-being of workers, businesses and theU.S.
economy (NLRB, n.b.).The next step is to gather information.
Meeting with your fellow co-workers and goingover the concerns. Is there a commonconcern that workers would like to address? For example, possibly pay is not equal in all areas of the company. Additional information will be who willrepresent the workers, how will communication be delivered to co-workers, and willthere be political representation? Once all the information is gathered and questionsare answered the next step is to build the union. To create the union, you will need leadershipor a committee many times called “Organizing Committee”. This committee will be the ones that willeducate the workers in the benefits of creating a union, explain the rights tocreate a union, plans a strategy and keeps the co-workers motivated (OPEIU,n.d.).The fourth step is to make the union “official”(OPEIU, n.
d.). Here the co-workersinterested in organizing a union have signed authorization cards. Then a request to become an official union issent into the National Labor Relations Board (NLRB) or your employer canvoluntarily recognize the union (OPEIU, n.d.
). The final step is to negotiate the contract andwin. Once the union is official either throughthe NLRB or the voluntary recognition of the employer, you begin negotiationswith your employer. Based on what youand your co-workers are wanting to change and improve upon you will presentthose to the employer and they will be legally required to negotiate in goodfaith with your union (OPEIU, n.d.). Thesenegotiations will have to be in writing.
The union will vote on the contract and the different aspects presentedby the employer. The union organizing processis different in the public sector in comparison to the private sector in that federallaw allows private sector employees the right to join unions, negotiate withemployers for wages and working conditions, and take action on concerns theymay have in their working conditions this also includes the right to strike. The public sector employees are not allowed thesame (Raines, n.d.). Describe the roles of the National Labor RelationsBoard (NLRB) compared to the Federal Labor Relations Authority (FLRA). There areseveral labor organizations that are administered by the Department of Labor’sOffice of Labor-Management Standards in accordance to the Labor-ManagementReporting and Disclosure Act of 1959. Two that will be described here are the NLRB and Federal Labor RelationsAuthority (Labor Relations, 2015).
TheNLRB deals primarily with the private sector, administers the National LaborRelations Act by having elections to determine whether employees want unionrepresentation and investigating and alleviating unfair labor practices byemployers and unions. The FLRA providesleadership in starting policies and guidance related to federal-sector labor managementissues such as the resolution of disputes and ensuring compliance with theFederal Service Labor Management Relations Statute (Labor Relations, 2015).According to the NLRA there are exclusions as to who canjoin a union. Those that are excludedare public-sector employees, agricultural and domestic workers, independentcontractors, workers employed by a parent or spouse, employees of air and railcarriers covered by the Railway Labor Act, and supervisors (Labor Relations,2015).Unions are created in order to organize employees that areunhappy with their benefits, wages or conditions at their workplace.
They are created when 30% of the employeessign an become an organized group. (Hunter, 1999) Steps to Creating a Union Where You Work.(n.d.). Retrieved January 24, 2018, from http://opeiu.
d.). Retrieved January 24, 2018,from https://www.nlrb.
gov/resources/national-labor-relations-actRaines, C. (n.d.). Private Sector vs.
PublicSector Employee Rights. Retrieved January 21, 2018, fromhttp://smallbusiness.chron.com/private-sector-vs-public-sector-employee-rights-47957.html