To understand what culture shock means, wehave to understand the meaning of culture. The meaning and definition ofculture is very diverse and has changed and developed over time.
But in thiscontext, we can understand culture as an orientation for what is typical of anation or society and what they share together. It influences thinking, valuesand so the way people act in different nations. We can see landscape, food andclothing style as part of the culture, but as well mentality and behavior.Every Country has its own culture and the differences can cause a cultureshock.
To experience a culture shock whilestaying in another country is not unusual and generally assumes a longer buttemporary stay in the foreign culture. We undergo a mostly inevitable processof adaption as we enter into a different culture. It is a mental reaction tothe unknown and the habituation to different behaviors and customs. Weexperience feelings of insecurity, indisposing and the feeling of being astranger. Also, the following understanding and feeling of being at home. Butthat is not happening suddenly.
There are different phases, which can have verydifferent periods of time. Therefore, it is not easy to reasonably recognize aculture shock. Not everyone experiences a culture shock. It is not possible tomeasure beforehand how long each phase lasts and it doesn´t have to go throughall phases. Depending on attitude, experience, background and knowledge theremay be no conflicts at all. But it also could be that some phases areexperienced more strongly and some weaker.
The culture shock can refer to theliving space, eating habits or on the way of working.The aim of this paper is to show what the differentstages of culture shock are and how it can be alleviated among internationalstudents. First, I am going through the different stages.Afterwards I am looking for solutions how to relieve the culture shock and showsome examples for it. And in the end, I am proving my hypothesis that you canget another culture shock, when you are getting back home.