This presentation will be exploring how the daily life of adisabled child and their families are effected by the services provided by theprofessionals involved, in particular the role of a social worker and specialeducational needs co-ordinator.The medical model demonstrates how some people,organisations or professionals view and understand disabilities. It recognisesthat a disability is the result of a physical condition. The focus of attentionis on the disability and diagnosis, enabling medical care often makes it easierto manage and function with in their everyday lives.
However the medical modelcan often be portrayed as negative, using negative and judgemental labels thatimply that the disabled person is defective. In practice this can result in theviews, ideas and suggestions of the disabled person being dismissed by theprofessional as they do not think they are capable of such activities. Thedisability discrimination act 1995 introduced guidelines to deal withdiscrimination against disabled people.
The social model was created by disabled people. It isbelieved that the issue begins with society and the attitudes, systemic,cultural, environmental and economic barriers that cause the disadvantages todisabled people. Identifying barriers, promote solutions and using the socialmodel to evolve society and their view, this will in turn help to remove suchbarriers therefore causing changes to policies, education, and promotingindividuals to take responsibilities for own health and well-being. Somecriticisms of the social model are that results of the model are not evidentuntil after a long period of time so its effectiveness is hard to gauge.
Inpractice the professional can learn from the social model and work to removebarriers or restrictions for disabled people. The removal of barriers andmaking of reasonable adjustments can be seen underpinned with in the equalityact 2010.Its is the role of the SENCO to identify the diverse needsof children and work to meet those needs to ensure the child receives thesupport needed to provide good education. This support can be in the form ofequipment to assist mobility, communication devices to create easier moreefficient understanding therefore resulting in less confusion and frustrationfor the child. By following the SEND code of practice the SENCO can usetheir best endeavours to avoid negative impacts on disabled children.
Thesenegative impacts can cause a child to fall behind and not progress with theirpeers perhaps causing the child to become withdrawn, frustrated, upset,behavioural issues causing disruptions to their home life causing stress andupset within their family. By assessing, evaluating and involving parentsinput, cooperation and insights disabled children can be easier overall tomanage and teach enabling them to develop and their needs can be met. The codeof practice requires the SENCO is responsible for meeting the needs of allpupils and requires tracking and reviewing how resources can be best used toprovide a positive impact on pupil progress also personally and socially.Social workers and the rest of the children withdisabilities team (CWD) can provide support in the form of information andadvice regarding housing issues, emotional support by providing advice andaccess to correct professionals. The social worker will assess situations and provideinformation accordingly. The social worker may think that the family and thedisabled child will benefit from support such as direct payments. Directpayments can have a positive impact on daily living experiences for the childand their families by providing independence and direct control with servicesrequired.
This can be in the form of equipment to help with daily tasks,funding to attend respite or activities, and also the assistance to attendthose activities. In order for social workers to provide care and empowermentto disabled children and their families. It is essential to work together withmultiagency and families, to have their input on care plans. Sometimes a socialworker can be seen as a messenger for the local authorities and not be seen asa hands on care giver/coordinator. Staff shortages can also effect continuityand cause frustration resulting in relationship strain between the disabledperson, their families and other professionals.