The with the birth of Christ sometime between

The development of Christianity and through
to the foundation of the Councils of Nicaea began with the birth of
Christ sometime between 6 and 4 BC and continued after Christ’s crucifixion
around 30 AD. When Christ was born the rumors spread of the child that would be
the new King of all, a King that would lead his people to prosperity. During
Christ’s first years of life three fabled Wiseman, or Magi depending on how you
learned about them, began their journey to meet with this new King. As the
three were traveling they stopped through Judea on their way to meet the new
King. Herod the Great, the Roman Client King of Judea, would greet them and ask
where they were headed. The three Wiseman would tell him about the one true
king that had been born. Herod would have at the time become very curious as to
whom this new King was or would be and fearing for his throne Herod would ask
the three Wiseman where he was so that he may greet this new royalty. The three
Wiseman luckily lived up to their fabled titles and led Herod astray. Shortly
after leaving Herod would realize that he had been bamboozled. Herod, with fear
and anger, ordered the execution of all boys ages two or younger within
Bethlehem and in that entire Region.(Matthew 2:16)( The Bible) The bible
would claim that an angel of the Lord had appeared and warned Joseph telling
him to get up and leave Egypt until told to return. Joseph then got up and
during the night took Christ and his mother and fled from Egypt. (Matthew 2:13)

Christ
wouldn’t reappear until far later in life. Jesus was about 30 years old when he
first began preaching after being baptized by John the Baptist around 28 AD.
Jesus, the true king, began preaching to man and his words sank into his
followers. Belief and faith were the corner stones of Christianity as it were
being birthed. The death of many Christians due to decreed heresy would invoke
a strong impression amongst the Romans. The people who believed in Christianity
would go through death, torture and beatings and refuse to renounce their
beliefs. This scared and impressed those in power and inspired those who witnessed.
These Christians were willing to die for their beliefs, this must be real, many
of them must’ve thought that anyone willing to die for their beliefs and refuse
to renounce after going through what they had gone through mustn’t be lying.
These repeated actions incited converts and the wide spread of Christianity.
(Edgar)

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Sometime
later, Jesus continued preaching and eventually would convert a very important
follower known as Paul who was a member of the Pharisee Sect of Judaism. Paul
of Tarsus, who was charged with preaching to non-Jews, slowly began converting
others as he traveled to Damascus. Along the way Paul would set up churches and
missionaries to further spread the word of Jesus’ divinity. Paul was not one of
twelve apostles of Jesus Christ but was a very important one. (Edgar ) Paul
would travel and spread the word of Christ. The twelve apostles, Saint Peter,
James, John, Andrew, Bartholomew, James, Judas, Jude, Matthew, Phillip, Simon,
and Thomas were sent to spread the word of Christianity and help set up the
foundation of Christianity. After Christ’s crucifixion and resurrection later
in life, Christ would send eleven of the twelve original apostles, all but Judas
who by then had died, to spread the word and teachings to all nations. The rise
of Christianity continued for a very long time and sometime around 150 AD
defenders of Christianity known as Apologists began refuting and addressing the
opposition most Christians were meeting within localized populations. During
this time people like Clement of Alexandria would begin showing just how
compatible Christianity was with classical culture and philosophy. (Edgar)

As this
continued, Christians began to get more organized as they defended the precepts
of their religion. Because of these apologists, the more wealthy and upper
class began joining and converting to their religion. Eventually they would
begin establishing a Hierarchy within their foundation. With more organization
would come more push back from those in power, the persecution of Christians
continued here and there as they grew and eventually during the time of
Diocletian, Christianity was considered reason for execution and imprisonment.
The real victory for the Christian belief however, was with the assistance and
later Baptism of Constantine I, Roman Emperor and later Christian Saint. The
real turning point for Constantine was when he had a vision the night before
his battle with Maxentius at Milvian Bridge. The voice in his vision told him
to fight under the symbol of Christ and victory would be his, Constantine did
as he was told, he won, and he converted without ceremony on the spot. It
wasn’t until his death that he would let it is known to all that he was
Christian and makes it official. Years before this happened but in the wake of
his victory, Constantine issued religious tolerance and in 313 AD Constantine
would promote the Edict of Milan, which would end up reversing the criminality
of Christianity that had been forced upon Christians during the reign of
Diocletian. (Edgar) Church officials were granted exemption from taxation, churches
were granted right of sanctuary, and Constantine also began backing the
construction of new churches. Overall, Constantine had been completely and
utterly converted by one vision. As he began backing the church, a new problem
began to show itself to Constantine. Within the church’s leadership was a major
disagreement of the legitimacy of the divinity of Jesus Christ. Constantine’s
response and solution was for the bishops of the church to all meet at Nicaea
in the year 325. (Edgar)

Saints
Ambrose, Jerome, and Augustine are another later and very important topic.  All three saints were very important figures
in the church and were called “doctors” of the church. Saint Ambrose and Saint Jerome
were born around 340 AD, while Saint Augustine was born on the 13th
of November, 354 AD. (James) Saint
Ambrose was also known as Ambrose of Milan and later the Bishop of Milan, after
he was ordained by popular demand in Milan in 374 AD. (James) He had previously studied law, literature, and
rhetoric in Rome. Ambrose was given a seat on the Council and became a
councilor prefect of Liguria and Emilia. Perhaps the most interesting of his
titles is ‘The Honey Tongued Doctor’; this distinction being given to him
because of his very innate speaking ability. (James)  Saint
Ambrose studied the scriptures and preached every Sunday. He was also governor
of Liguria and Emilia until becoming bishop. The people of Milan had been
asking Ambrose to become a bishop for some time but he had never accepted until
374 AD, when in the course of a week he became baptized and accepted their
request. Saint Ambrose is also known as the patron saint of beggars, learning,
and Milan. Ambrose was widely known as generous and kind to the poor who gave
him immense backing and made him popular. He died April 4th, 397 AD. (James)

Saint
Jerome was a difficult, well-educated free spirited of a man in his youth.
Jerome often sinned and spent a lot of his times in the catacombs in Rome.
Jerome was eventually scared straight and he began to reform his ways,
eventually getting baptized and travelling. (Louis) Jerome lived as a hermit for a while and spent
much of his time learning and educating himself. He was known as great
translator and the church would continually ask him to become a priest.
Eventually Jerome would become ordained and would continue pursuing his own
practice of the faith. Jerome would be given the task of translating the bible
into Latin and eventually would succeed and it would become the standard Latin
translation of the scriptures. Saint Jerome is the patron saint of educators
and translators. Many holy people would assist him throughout his life such as Saint
Paula. Saint Jerome died in 420 AD. (Louis)

Saint
Augustine of Hippo the child of Saint Monica was a well-educated man in
rhetoric and when he became a teenager he became very interested in philosophy.
Augustine had a very pleasurable and simple existence early on in life. He
became a teacher of rhetoric and was invited to Milan to become a professor. (Eugene)  As different religious ideals presented
themselves in his travel to Milan, he began to consider what religion was right
for him. He believed no man could live up to what Christianity wanted and
decided not to become Christian and instead seek pleasure. Even though he was a
sinful man early on he would correspond with his mother and Saint Ambrose of
Milan. (Eugene) Saint
Augustine would eventually become Christian, applying his rhetoric skills to
Christian literature. Augustine was revered and seen as a defender of truth and
in an article from newadvent.org, “But
he was above all the defender of truth and the shepherd of souls. His doctrinal activities,
the influence of which was destined to last as long as the Church itself, were manifold” (Eugene) Saint
Augustine is the patron saint of vices and brewers. Augustine was also well
known for writing “De Genesi
contra Manichæos,” “De Magistro,” and, “De Vera
Religione.”He died on August 30th 430AD. (Eugene)

To
conclude, this; what is basically a short story, follows the progression of
Jesus Christ from birth to death and then the establishment of respect for the Christian
community through Constantine into the development of Nicaea. This is the
development of Christianity with the emphasis on the doctors of the church
Saint Ambrose, Saint Jerome, and Saint Augustine. The story of Jesus was a very
eventful and death ridden story. The ideas and philosophies set about by the
prefects of this religion to me was an inspirational bit to research and
recollect my thought upon. Constantine as a character was probably one of the
most interesting for me personally. The idea that Constantine could make such
drastic changes in favor of Christianity when in most of history Christians
were seen so negatively really impressed me. I’m not sure at all if the visions
that Constantine had were true but I very much hope they were and am glad for
the good that Constantine ended up doing for the Christian populace. This paper
follows the development of Christianity
and through to the foundation of the Councils of Nicaea in addition to the
lives and great achievements that the Doctors of the church were able to
produce.

 

 

Works Cited

Robert
Edgar, Neil Hackett, George Jewsbury, Barbara Malony, Matthew Gordon
“Civilization Past and Present” Book. Volume 1, Twelfth Edition 2008

 

Portalié, Eugène. “Life of St.
Augustine of Hippo.” The Catholic Encyclopedia. Vol.
2. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1907. 5 Dec.
2017 .

Saltet, Louis. “St. Jerome.” The Catholic Encyclopedia. Vol.
8. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1910. 5 Dec.
2017.

Loughlin, James. “St. Ambrose.” The Catholic
Encyclopedia. Vol. 1. New York: Robert Appleton
Company, 1907. 5 Dec.
2017.

The Bible. Authorized King James Version, Oxford UP, 1998.