The intent of
the research is to study the attributes of resilient community: Ngibikan
Village, Yogyakarta, Indonesia to establish a broader framework for
researchers, educators, and communities to enhance resilience locally and
globally together. The increase in the intensity and frequency of natural
disasters in recent years require innovative approaches to ensure the safety of
cities and settled communities from these events. Implementing the
resilience of a territory requires an integrated approach to act simultaneously
on physical, economic and social reality.

The Aga Khan Award
for Architecture (2008-2010) shortlisted project, Ngibikan Village
Reconstruction in Yogyakarta, Indonesia is selected as a case study for this
research. An earthquake on May 26, 2006 hit Indonesia in the region of
Yogyakarta. The village of Ngibikan, located less than 10 kilometers from the
epicenter faced the immense damage with deaths of more than 5,700 people and
severe damage of more than 140,000 houses. However, within 90 days after the
earthquake, 65 houses based on a vernacular building type and at the same time
resistant to future earthquakes were reconstructed. By working in a team with Eko
Prawoto, the architect of the project and the community leader Maryono, this
travel fellowship aims to design a broader framework for a resilient community.
The effects of earthquake on the rebuilding process, primarily housing and its
present-day performance will be studied. The further understanding by taking an
in-depth look at different vernacular architecture practices in Ngibikan
Village while taking in consideration with their social, economic and
environmental aspects will be focused. The understanding gained from the observation
will be utilized to generate the guidelines to build a resilient community after
the disaster.

The research
will be conducted in four phases: data collection prior to travel, data collection on
site, analysis of data followed by the deeper understanding the attributes of
resilient community. After collection, analysis and designing of the broader
framework, this work will be formatted into a book to present to the Kent State
University College of Architecture and Environmental Design Community. The
research hopes to collaborate with National Institute for Standard and
Technology’s (NIST) Community Resilience Planning Guide, Resilient Communities for
America (RC4A), Indonesian National Board for Disaster Management (INBDM),
Department of Geography at Kent State University.

The existing poor
construction technology is one of the major challenges in the developing
countries facing frequent calamities. Indonesia, on top of that being located on the Pacific
Ring of Fire (an area with a high degree of tectonic activity), must cope
with the constant risk of volcanic eruptions, earthquakes, floods and tsunamis.
One of the reason that Yogyakarta faced the massive destruction was the poor
construction technology. However, the reconstruction plan is considered as one
of the proven example for resilient communities. As such, the Ngibikan village
reconstruction provides an alternative model for a post-disaster reconstruction
project that demonstrates the enormous positive impact of a grassroots rebuilding
effort. So, the objective of this travel fellowship is to learn from one of the
best example and the construction team to design a broader framework for resilient
community which can be implemented  to
any community post disaster.

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