The Copperheads, a group that could have changed the world foreverBy: Nathan LiuJunior DivisionCategory: Research PaperWord Count: Introduction The Copperheads had every chance to change the world ever. Had they succeeded, everything would be different in the world as we know it. The Civil War began in 1861. The result of this war would change American politics forever. Had the Confederates won, the United States would have been separated into 2, maybe even 3 parts.
The midwest considered seceding because of the Copperheads. If the Union won, the United States would stay united. This conflict was the result of a disagreement between the North and South. There was a huge difference between the two, as the north believed in states that didn’t allow slavery, while the south wanted to keep slavery. The event that started the actual war came on April 12, 1861.
The Confederate Army attacked Fort Sumter. Many deadly battles followed like the Battle of Gettysburg, Vicksburg, Antietam, and many more. As the Union started winning the war, support for the Copperheads dropped, and never recovered. During the final parts of the war, Robert E. Lee was fending off attacks from the Union, until Ulysses S. Grant finally defeated Lee at Appomattox in 1865. Most of the Confederate armies surrendered by the spring of 1865.
The whole resistance was defeated when the Union captured the Confederate President Jefferson Davis in Georgia on May 10, 1865. This conflict took 625,000 American lives-making it the deadliest war in American history. This war alone took a little less than half of the total amount of American lives taken away in any war.Timeline of the Civil War On April 12, 1861, the American Civil War formally begins, as the Confederate Army attacks Fort Sumter.
Virginia then secedes from the Union, followed by Arkansas, Tennessee, and North Carolina. This formed a Confederacy of 11 states. On April 20, 1861 Robert E. Lee resigns his commission in the United States Army. “I cannot raise my hand against my birthplace, my home, my children.” Lee quoted. He then traveled to Richmond, where he was offered command of the Virginia military and naval forces.
On July 21, 1861, the first battle of bull run results in a Union defeat, as Lincoln realizes that the war will be long. Following the defeat, on November 1, 1861, Lincoln appoints George B. McClellan as general-in-chief of all Union forces. On April 6/7, 1862, the Battle of Shiloh results in a Union defeat, and Lincoln is pressured to relieve Grant. He chooses not to.
Then, the Second Battle of Bull Run takes place on August 29/30, 1862, where the Union are once again defeated, and Lee invades the North with an army 50,000 strong. On September 17, 1862, the deadliest day in United States military history as the Union stop General E. Lee’s invasion of the North. 26,000 Americans are either dead, missing, or wounded at the end of this.
January 1, 1863- the day where Lincoln issued the final Emancipation The Copperheads The Copperheads were a vocal group during the American Civil War that fought for peace. They also wanted the south to secede, and seperate from the Union. This group was based in the midwest, and mainly tried to gain support by using newspapers like “Harper’s Weekly”(Weber, 33-47). The Copperheads tried to accomplish this by having various rallies, and speeches, especially when the Union was not doing very well in the war. Whenever the Union looking good in the war, support for the Copperheads dropped, and the opposite happened when the Union was losing battles. This put pressure on Lincoln, and even brought up the idea of discussing a peace treaty, that kept slavery legal.
At times, an idea of a third country that would consist of the Midwest came up. This was because the Copperheads were gaining rapid support at time in this area. Although this never happened, the idea was there. The Copperheads believed in slavery, and the right to secede. They believed that “secession was constitutional because the Constitution (they rightly pointed out) says nothing about the terms of membership in the Union” (Weber 33-47). Although the Copperheads were close at times, they never got close enough to achieve their goal of peace, and slavery. Everytime they started gaining support, and putting more pressure on Lincoln, the Union would start winning battles, which made the Copperheads lost its power and support. Eventually, all of this ended when the Union won the Civil War, and the Copperheads weren’t classified as “Copperheads” anymore.
They were just called “Democrats” after the war, which ended the whole conflict. The Copperheads gave a huge fight, but in the end, all of that was in vain, and they didn’t get anything they wanted.Important leaders of the Copperheads