Melanie Macleod Mrs. Darling ENG-3U December 6th, 2012 It’s A Ruff Life – The Truth on Animal Cosmetic Testing When applying that beautiful new lip color or dying your hair the perfect shade of brown, does the thought of an animal wincing and screaming in pain come to your mind? I am guessing your answer would be no as well as would be mine, until I did some research into cosmetic companies that do testing on animals. Cosmetic companies try to hide this ugly truth from their consumers to not lose credibility or buyers. There is an ongoing debate about the ethics of animal experimentation.
Some people argue that all animal experimentation should end because it is wrong to treat animals merely as tools for furthering knowledge. According to this point of view, an animal should have as much right as a human being to live out a full life, free of pain and suffering. Others argue that while it is wrong to unnecessarily abuse animals, animal experimentation must continue because of the enormous scientific resource that animal models provide. This issue is unjust and ethically wrong, it should be stopped and alternative processes of testing should be considered.
There re many ways that cosmetic companies test their products, which are all on poor defenceless creatures. Dr. John H Draize, United States scientist, created the Draize eye test in 1944. Dr. P. K. Nigam, Professor and Head, Department of Dermatology and STD explains what this entails: “Chemical substances are dripped into the eyes of six to nine immobilized conscious albino rabbits with their eyes held open with clips at the lid. The progressive damage to the rabbit’s eyes is recorded at specific intervals over an average period of 72 hours, with the test sometimes lasting 7-18 ays.
Reactions to the irritants can include swelling of the eyelid, inflammation of the iris, ulceration, hemorrhaging (bleeding), and blindness” (P. K. Nigam). Most of the time the animals are killed once the experiment has been finished. Pharmacokinetics/ Toxicokinetics Metabolism are another type of testing. This includes force feeding animals or more commonly inhalation, to test the metabolism. After this, they are killed and dissected to test the results on their organs (American Anti- Vivisection Society). One other common test is Neurotoxicity.
This involves taking ither hens or rats; the animals are given doses to test the nervous system. They are observed over the next month for any kind of behavioral changes; at the end of the test the remainder of the surviving animals are kill and cut open for further observations. All these tests performed are cruel and unjust for animals, and these ethics should be re-evaluated. Animal protection organizations, such as PETA, stand for equal rights between animals and humans. When you look at other cases of animals being killed, such as hunting, I have an understanding. The protein in meat is basic to all humans to survive.
Cosmetics, on the other hand, do not help the human race in any other way but to gain money while they boost self-confidence. that we know are safe to everyone who buys them, so why continue putting these animals in harm’s way? The world is developing though, and there will always be a desire to create something that is bigger and better than what is out there already. The likelihood of stopping testing is very slim, but we can use alternative methods. To start with, the simplest method would be getting volunteers. The fair thing to do is to get people who are willing and that are acknowledged about the effects that these ests will bring.
This could raise issues, so another type of testing would be CeeTox. This is: “using human cell-based in vitro (test tube) toxicity screening to test drugs, chemicals, cosmetics, and consumer products” (Peta). Another safe way we can test is thanks to biotechnology firm Hprel. They have “developed a 3-D in vitro (test tube) human “liver” that scientists can use to study the breakdown of chemicals in the human body. This technology effectively mimics human organs and can be used to test cosmetics, drugs, and chemicals” (Peta). To me, this seems pretty black and white.
The 3-D in vitro test and the Ceetox test may raise a few eyebrows in the cost, but isn’t it worth it keeping all these animals safe? Another thing in question would be “what could happen to people who volunteer to test cosmetics? ” Some people may not have morals or goals to fulfill in life and care what may happen to them. Do you not think it is better for a human to die willingly than an animal dying unacknowledged? Johnson and Johnson’s slogan is: “The Family Company’, but do all these families know what was done to thousands of powerless creatures Just so they could have Aveno moisturizing cream?
Most likely no. Due to all of this, it is clear what the horrible realization about cosmetics is. This is a serious problem facing us today and it needs to be stopped; one person can not do it alone though. There are many things that all of us can do to put an end to this. For one, signing a petition or even starting one. From this, we can get the get the attention of the MP in Quebec (one province that does animal cosmetic testing) or even the Prime Minister. This is the link for an online petition; one signature could make a difference (http:// www. gopetition. om/petitions/protest-against-animal-testing/sign. tml). Another thing we can do is writing a letter to get their attention as well. Going to the Peta website and learning more about this and spreading the word could also help in a tremendous way. It is clear that animal cosmetic testing is unfair and something that is wrong in this world. The types of testing that are already out there are cruel and inhuman. There are several alternative options we can do to stop, or even minimise cosmetic testing. If you believe as much as I do in this issue, then you can do something to try and change it.
In the end, it all matters on your values. Is one tube f lipstick worth the suffering of one or multiple animals? Annotated Bibliography Gennari, Alessandra. The Use of In Vitro Systems for Evaluating Immunotoxicity: The Report and Recommendations of an ECVAM Workshop. This is the report of a workshop organised by the European Centre for the Validation of Alternative Methods (ECVAM). ECVAM’s main goal, as defined in 1993 by its Scientific Advisory Committee, is to promote the scientific and regulatory acceptance of alternative refine the use of laboratory animals.
Fischer, Kristian. Testing Bans and Marketing Bans under the Cosmetics Directive. The article presents an analysis of the testing and marketing bans under the Cosmetics Directive in Europe. It states that the analysis, which utilizes the Cosmetics Directive’s legal framework and factual background, examines the fundamental rights of Community law, and demonstrates the impact of the envisioned phase-out of animal testing on March 1 1, 2009, triggers a conflict with the Community law. Nigam, P. K. Adverse reactions to cosmetics and methods of testing.
Untoward reactions to cosmetics, toiletries, and topical applications are the commonest single reason for hospital referrals with allergic contact dermatitis. In most cases, these are only mild or transient and most reactions being irritant rather than allergic in nature. Various adverse effects may occur in the form of acute toxicity, percutaneous absorption, skin irritation, eye irritation, skin sensitization and photosensitization, subchronic toxicity, mutagenicity/ genotoxicity, and phototoxicity/photoirritation.
Peta Alternatives to Animal Testing People for the ethical treatment of animals organization is fit on seeing all animals are treated equally. They explain alternative procedures than testing on animals. Lewis, Noah Testing Cosmetics on Animals: An Idea Who’s Time Has Gone Despite remendous progress in reducing animal testing in the assessment the safety of cosmetic products, it persists and there is no definitive end in sight.
The reasons for this are not entirely clear because the major constituents, consumers, animal rights activists, and the corporations engaged in the testing all seem to want it to end. AAVS. Types of Animal Testing This website goes through all the types of animal testing procedures and explains them in detail. Work Cited Nigam, P. K. Adverse reactions to cosmetics and methods of testing. American Anti- Vivisection Types of Animal Testing Peta Alternatives to Animal Testing