The OfficialLanguages Act 1969 Do you ever think thatwhy Canada has two official languages? The Royal Commissionon Bilingualism and Biculturalism accepted to study the problems of Canadianunity, the government of Pierre E.
Trudeau passed,on September 9,1969 An Act Respecting the Status of OfficialLanguages in Canada which gives French and English equal statues in thegovernment of Canada. There were many things happened forthe two official languages. Many peoples were felt that French Canadianwere getting special treatment, some people questioned why so much moneywas spent on making French services. Englishand French are the official languages of Canada and they take pleasure in the independencestatus and equal constitutional rights and freedoms as to their use in all the organizationsof the Government of Canada. And from than all documents, reports, Speeches,and pamphlets issued to the public were now to be published in the French and English.This act made the federal offices offer services inboth languages, therefore, English government workers were taught to speak and understand French. Public signsidentifying federal offices are in both official languages Federal courtdecisions were published in both official languages as well, federalgovernment services in both languages were to be available in parts of Canadawhere there was a large French-Canadian minority.
Many other actions included in the officiallanguage act such as: Federal funds were madeavailable to promote bilingualism, Services were extended for French language televisionand radio outside Quebec, Rules were introduced requiring bilingual labels onproducts, more federal public service jobs were elected bilingual (Prior to theAct, only 14% of top government jobs were held by French Canadians even thoughFrench Canadian made up 25% of Canada’s population). Politicians have the rightto use either French or English in Parliament. Assembly is required to providesimultaneous interpretation of its debates and other information, as well astranslations of its official news. Thenumber of French-Canadian in the Government of Canada’s Public Service rose to26% or about the percentage of French-Canadians in Canada. This Act made teaching the French language compulsory in Englishschools, and gave parents the right to choose the language of instruction oftheir children, which caused great concern among part of the population. The official language actdidn’t apply to private businesses.
They can do their businesses in either Englishor French. While all the federalpolitical parties supported the Official Languages Act when it was announced,the provincial response was much more tepid. In 1979, 10 years after thefederal Official Languages Act was passed, the Supreme Court of Canada foundthat Manitoba, which had officially been a monolingual Anglophone provincesince 1890, had to observe. New Brunswick passed its own Official Languages Actin 1969, while Ontario settled for providing French-language services inlimited areas on a for this situation. Of these, about 6.1 million or85% resided in Quebec.
Outside Quebec, the largest French-speaking populationsare found in New Brunswick. Most nativespeakers of the French language in Canada live in Quebec, where French is themajority official language. 77% of Quebec’s population are native francophone,and 95% of the population speak French as their first language. There are alsoFrench-speaking communities in Manitoba and Ontario. Make sure that respect for English and Frenchas the official languages of Canada and make sure that equality of status andequal rights and freedoms as to their use in all federal institutions Set outthe powers, duties and functions of federal institutions with respect to theofficial languages of Canada Support the development of English and French linguisticminority communities and generally advance the equality of status and use ofthe English and French languages within Canadian society.