The Electoral College was established in our constitution and by the founding fathers in efforts to aid in compromise and in the electoral process.
Every four years the mass population of the United States of America goes to the polls to do their political duty to cast their vote for the upcoming President and Vice President. In forty eight of the nations states the majority of the votes in that state will win the state’s electoral votes. Nebraska and Maine have it slightly different than the other states. The top candidate of votes received in their states the two votes o the Senators while the remainder of their electoral votes are assigned and separated out by congress district and assigned by proportional representation. This process varies much differently than the majority wins mentality of assigning electoral votes in the remaining states. The process by which electoral college is selected is they are normally nominated by their political party at their state conventions, though occasionally it can be done by a vote of the parties central committee. These electors tend to usually be invested in their party and are state-elected officials or party leaders or in some cases are individuals connected tightly to both the state and the parties candidate. The votes for the electoral college are casted on the Monday following the second Wednesday of December and are sent to the President of the Senate who reads them directly to Congress on January 6th.
These votes are essentially what are formally counted to elect the president of the United States of America and with him, his(the) Vice President. There is an array of times by which the electoral college is what selects the president over the majority vote nationwide. A recent example of this is the 2016 Presidential election in which Donald Trump won the Presidency. An amount of Electoral votes are assigned to each state based on the population of the state allowing the voices of the state residence to be heard but not to fully over power that of other states, For example California has a total of fifty five electoral votes when states with a lower population such as Idaho has only five. This is the reason that some times in elections one candidate may win the popular vote but not the electoral vote. States such as California and texas hold such a high number of residents that their votes alone may overcome the votes of four or more states combined and this would create and unfair ratio when counting votes in regards to equal representation towards the Presidential election.
The Importance of the electoral college is to aid in creating a standpoint of equal representation. This has altered the campaign strategy for many of the Candidates because they are no longer trying to win the popular vote of the nation but instead the votes of the Electoral College. This can aid in Candidates targeting states that have higher electoral votes and campaigning more in those states and also discussing topics more that are heavily impactful in those states and would win them over more when in their favor. There are also rare cases by which no one wins the majority of electoral votes and then the vote is thrown to the U.S. House of Representatives. A prime example of the working of the Electoral college votes winning the election was the Presidential race between Hillary Clinton and Donald Trump.
Thought Hillary won about forty eight percent of the popular vote receiving a total of 65,853,516 votes and Trump won about forty six percent of the popular vote receiving a total of 62,984,825 votes, Trump won the final election despite the drastic number difference. The reason as to why he won was he received 306 electoral votes when 270 is required to win the election. This was done by him receiving the total of thirty of fifty states and an electoral vote from a state his competitor had won. This was done by using the Electoral college to the benefit of the candidate.