The title for my project is “Wetlands Convention” –Convention on Wetlands of International Importance especially as Waterfowl Habitat. The Convention on Wetlands of InternationalImportance is also known as the Ramsar Convention which was signed inRamsar, Iran, in 1971 came into force in 1975, is an intergovernmental treatywhich provides the framework for national action and international cooperationfor the conservation and wise use of wetlands and their resources. BACKGROUND AND SIGNIFICANCEThe initial call for an international convention on wetlandscame in 1962 at a conference that was part of the MAR project (MARshes,MARages, MARismas), organized by Dr.
Luc Hoffmann, a program established in1960 as a result concern at the speed with which vast wetlands and otherwetlands in Europe were “rehabilitated” or otherwise destroyed,resulting in a decrease in the number of waterfowl. Finally, at aninternational meeting organized by Mr. EskanderFirouz, Director of the IranianFish and Fish Department, the text of the Convention was adopted on 2 February1971 and signed by the delegates of 18 countries the following day. TheConvention entered into force in December 1975 when UNESCO, the DepositaryConvention, received the seventh instrument of accession or ratification of theConvention from Greece. Since its adoption, the Ramsar Convention has beenamended twice: by a protocol (a new treaty amending the original treaty) inDecember 1982 and by a series of amendments to the original treaty, known as”Amendments of Regina “. 1987Convention’s Mission “The conservation and wise useof all wetlands through local, regional and national actions and internationalcooperation, as a contribution towards achieving sustainable developmentthroughout the world”. Originally, the Convention was set up to protect wetlandhabitats for the conservation of waterfowl but it now seeks to ensure theprotection of all important wetlands. The significance of the wetlands are-:? Wetlandsprovide fundamental ecological services and are regulators of water regimes andsources of biodiversity at all levels – species, genetic and ecosystem.
? Wetlandsconstitute a resource of great economic, scientific, cultural, and recreationalvalue for the community.? Wetlandsplay a vital role in climate change adaptation and mitigation.? Progressiveencroachment on, and loss of, wetlands cause serious and sometimes irreparableenvironmental damage to the provision of ecosystem services.? Wetlandsshould be restored and rehabilitated, whenever possible. Wetlands should beconserved by ensuring their wise use. RESEARCH QUESTIONS1. What is Ramsar convention and what isthe need to conserve wetlands? What kind of Wetlands are included in theConvention?2. Whyneed a global convention on Wetlands and why should nation join RamsarConvention?3.
Whatare the criteria for the parties to join the Convention and who may join?4. What are the objectives of Ramsar Strategic Plan and the”three pillars” of the Convention? 5.How does the Ramsar Convention works in correlation withother environment-related conventions? How does the Ramsar Convention work? RESEARCH METHODOLOGYFor the purpose of this project, I have taken resort to themethodology of secondary sources. Secondary source of research methodologyincorporates the use of books, articles, journals as well as use of onlineresources and websites. CONCLUSIONThis research paperfocuses on the positive facet of the implementation of the Ramsar Convention.Wetlands are assets which provides us with various ecological, economic andsocial benefits. The importance of wetlands and roles played by the countriesall over the globe in the convention is being highlighted in this paper.
Thepaper will scrutinize the aim and implementation of the convention. It willalso focus on some ideas that would help to align the implementation of RamsarConvention with other multilateral environmental agreements. It highlights theurgent and dire need for geospatial information on wetland extent, type andchange. REFERENCE Davis, T. (1997). The Ramsar Convention Manual A Guide tothe Convention on Wetlands 2nd ed.Secretariat, R. C.
(2004). The Ramsar Convention Manual: aGuide to the Convention on Wetlands, 3rd ed.Secretariat, R. (2015). National report on theimplementation of the ramsar convention on wetlands.