The
warfare between Hindu, Sikh, Buddhist alongside some other minority forces,
which assisted the hostile British, and the ancient Islamic authority of the era
developed flickerig movements for the sides. Notably, Britain faced tough resistance
of the Muslims when they invaded the peninsula in 1819. The British ultimately
managed to acquire dominions over the contentious territory in 1846 following years
of violent battles against Muslims. Britain subsequently asserted dominance across
the the region and thus ultimately drew up the division of the region into three
partitions. Over the peninsula where about 55% of populace were Muslims, the
British rule was directly executed while 565 provinces enjoyed their own autonomous
Hindu or Muslim governors. The piece of the division, known as Kashmir, was sold
to Hindu feudalism for a century in conformity with the treaty, which is recognized
as Amritsar sealed on March 16, 1846 between the sides of British East India
Company and Gulab Singh Dogra to legitimize the arrangements of the peace
treaty following the First Anglo-Sikh War. Accordingly, Jammu and Kashmir was
handed over to Gulab Singh in return for amere sum of 7.5 million Rupees (some $2,250,000)
for his service at the war and fell under the domination of the Hindus on the
grounds of such agreement.1  

The Hindu administration
in Kashmir continued to provide overt or covert support for the British rule till
1947 when the British separated the peninsula into two states according to
their population with the exception of Kashmir; India and Pakistan. However,
the Hindu ruler of Kashmir joined India without paying any concern to the
wishes of the Muslim people. It should be noted that while the British Hindu
Peninsula was divided into India and Pakistan, the British Cabinet Mission Memorandum was sent to the executives
of the 565 Indian provinces on 12,05,1946, calling on its people to remain
independent or accede to one of the two states for their respective provinces,
India or Pakistan that they should make their decisions.2
Yet, the provinces of Hayderabad, Srinagar and Kashmir were prevented from

1 Pacific University, Great Britain’s Motives in Jammu and Kashmir,
https://www.pacificu.edu/sites/default/files/documents/Potter.pdf  (accessed 01.11.2017)

2 Fozia N. Lone, ‘The Creation Story of Kashmiri People: The Right To Self-Determination’,
The Denning Law Journal, Vol. 21, No. 1, 2009, pp 1-25

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