The Impact of Social Factor on teenagepregnancy Akella and Jordan (2015) studied theimpact of cultural and social factors on teenage pregnancy. Their study hasfive themes. The first one is on the social and economic background.
The secondis dealing with the cultural values and norms while the third theme ispertaining to support and assistance. The fourth theme is about the life lessonand the last theme is pertaining to interventions. In the theme 1, it showsthat most of the respondents are living with a single household; it’s eitherwith their mother, father or grandparents whereas most of the parents of thegirls are belonged to lower income strata of the community. On the second themewhich about cultural values and norms shows that some of the researchrespondents had been exposed to early motherhood through their mothers.Majority of the respondents had more than one child however still they wereprovided financial and family assistance to continue their education and lives;it shows on the third theme (support and assistance). On the other hand, the fourththeme shows that despite of the stress, trauma and regret during theirpregnancy it made them to be a matured individual some made their baby asmotivation to do better in school and have a better life and future while thelast theme shows that teenage pregnant/mothers would motivate themselves toachieve their career goals and stop them from giving up and falling back intothe vicious cycle of generation poverty Gyan (2013) made a study that shows “thecauses of teenage pregnancy” and their academic performance before and afterpregnancy. Poor parenting, love seeking, poverty, peer pressure, media anddropout are the factors that he used in his study to determine its effectteenage pregnancy.
On the study conducted, most of the respondents are stronglyagree on poor parenting, strongly disagree on love seeking, strongly agree onpoverty, agree on peer pressure, disagree on media and strongly agree ondropout where poor parenting is the major cause of teenage pregnancy. On theother hand, the academic performance of the respondents based on the datagathered shows that most them are good at school however it decrease and madetheir academic performance into below average after they got pregnant.Furthermore, it shows that dropout is the main reason why the teenagers havepoor education and educational opportunities because they got pregnant afterbeing dropout or they got dropout for being pregnant.
Nzama (2004) conducted a study on “theeffects of teenage pregnancy on the school life of adolescent girls” where itdivided into four parts or themes. The firs theme is dealing with roles offamily while the second theme is pertaining to physical effects of pregnancy.The third is about the feelings that adolescent experiences while the lasttheme is pertaining to the effects on school life. On the first theme, it showsthat most of the respondents don’t have or little support from their family andsometimes don’t have any communication from them specially those respondentswhose come from a complete family or have a mother and father.
However, it iscontrary to those teen pregnant who’s from a single parent received a support,although disappointed but worried for their daughters’ welfare and it made themto perform better in school after they give birth. It shows on the second themthat the health of the pregnant is at risk for being so young. Their physicalchanges attract and have negative remarks from peers and people as well as ontheir school life. On the third theme, it revealed the emotion or feeling when they discovered themselves forbeing pregnant such as shocked, devastated, and angry with their self and tothe father of the baby. At school, they embarrassed and have fear on facing theoutside world sometimes rejected by their friends, can’t concentrate on classand failed the test. In the last them, it shows that most of the respondentsare being disrupted at school to extent that they had to dropout which aftertheir entire life.Hoga et al (2009) conducted a studyentitled “Teen pregnancy: values and reactions of family members”. On theresult of the study, it was describe into three categories: Family values andguidelines provided, Finding out about pregnancy and the actions taken, andSupport provided.
On the first category, it shows that Single parenting wasfeared because it was against the prevalent moral principles with a negativeeffect on the concept of family in their social group. On the second category,it revealed that the news of being pregnant disseminated by some people in thefamily or the people around them. It also shows that sometimes the news givenwas different from the actual news which triggers the issue. Some are runningaway from their home to hide the identity for being pregnant that made theirparents or family suspicious for their situation. Lastly, on the third categorypertaining to support provided shows that the family members all the needs oftheir daughter such as financial support and moral support.