The origin of dance during the Ancient Egypt, Ancient Greek
and Ancient Roman periods were similar. However, despite some similarities in
the origin and purposes, dance also had its differences in purpose in these
three different cultures.
In Ancient Egypt, dance was mainly used for religious
worship to honor Apis, one of the most powerful Egyptian Gods and for funerals,
as death is an important concept in the Egyptian civilization. However, as
entertainment slowly became one of the functions in the Egyptian civilization,
slaves were trained to dance professionally to perform for the upper class
during their private events.
In Ancient Greek dance was a highly respected form of art,
because dance was believed to be a gift from the Gods. As dance was highly
regarded, Ancient Greeks believed that those who honor the Gods most
beautifully in dance are the best in war, resulting in war-like dance during
Ancient Greek. In Ancient Greek they also believed that dance was the ideal
integration of the body and soul, which is a good means for Moral training
hence, dance was not only used for religious worship but also used in education.
Gradually, dance was also incorporated in Greek theatre and a part of
entertainment for guests after dinners and events. Eventually, dancers were
widely found and were highly specialized with amazing skills.
During the Ancient Roman period, dance had much lesser
meaning to the Romans than the Greeks whom they borrowed most of their culture
from. However similar to the Greeks, the Romans had war dances where warriors
and priests performed weapon dances to worship the God of War, Mars. The Romans also used dance during
religious festivals and in their Roman theatre in a form of Pantomime, a
non-verbal form of theatre.
Early dance dating from Ancient Egypt, Ancient Greek and
Ancient Roman periods were all used for similar reasons. Dance resulted because
of religious believes hence dance was used for religious worship in the various
cultures. Similarly, in Ancient Egypt, Ancient Greek and Ancient Romans, dance gradually
evolved into becoming a form of entertainment for the people, whether it’s in
the form of theatre like in Ancient Greek and Ancient Roman or as an
entertainment during events and dinners in Ancient Egypt and Ancient Greek.
In conclusion, dance in Ancient Egypt, Ancient Greek and
Ancient Roman served similar purposes as dance was mainly used due to their
religious believe as dance was used to please and as a form of worship to their
various Gods. However, each culture had their differences as well, for example,
in Ancient Egypt dance was used during funerals because of the importance of
funerals in the Egyptian civilization, while in Ancient Greek dance was used
for education and incorporating dance in Roman theatre as a form of Pantomime
in the Ancient Roman era. All three cultures had their similarities in the use
of dance, but the difference was what made each cultures dance so distinct and
Greek dance: an ancient link – a living heritage. (n.d.).
Retrieved January 28, 2018, from http://www.helleniccomserve.com/greek_dance.html
Roman dance. (n.d.). Retrieved January 28, 2018, from http://www.carnaval.com/italy/dance/roman_dance.htm
Music & dance in ancient egypt. (n.d.). Retrieved
January 28, 2018, from https://www.ancient.eu/article/1075/music–dance-in-ancient-egypt/