The play “The Glass Menagerie” displays the artistry of Tennessee Williams storytelling, in which a growing up child who matures and his dilemma whether to leave family and build his career or stay with family and help them with a job which he doesn’t like. The author conveys the wisdom that a person’s primary responsibility is to live a fulfilled life.This is a Tennessee Williams’ classic play about a son growing up and separating from his family and leaving home. Father’s support is not there as he passes away. The daughter is introvert and doesn’t like to meet people and she doesn’t have any experience in life. She could not concentrate on studies and finish school. The mother is always worried about her daughter tries to find some path in life for her daughter by getting her married. Due to her daughter’s condition she depends on her son’s pay check and wants him to stay with family and help them. Though the son wants to help the family he doesn’t like the job that he is doing in the village and wants to leave the family and find a better life for himself.It is basically an autobiography of the author himself and all the characters in the drama were connects similarly with his own family members. As in the play his real father did not support the family financially. Due to this his mother was overbearing family problems and controlling them. His sister suffered from psychological illness and problems. The play provides good examples of several literary devices, an excellent example of artistry of Tennessee Williams and the style of its presentation. The play depicts the issues faced by many grownup children when they make a decision, whether to leave home or not and helps adolescents understand their own children better when they are in that situation.  During the 19th century the realism is a revolt against the melodrama the style that was adopted by most play writers. But the style of drama “The Glass Menagerie” characterizes realism and Tennessee Williams made the actors as true to life and makes audience to relate to them. The writing style is naturalistic and not overly heightened, expressionistic wherein the actors live in the characters of the play. The details of the situations of the scenes and the actor’s emotions that they portrayed are all real. At the same time, there is some difference in naturalism due to the memory narration of the actors, which leads to the introduction of another layer of complexity and ambiguity that is missing from a realistic presentation. The presentation of the characters and the contrast between them is portrayed in the drama very uniquely. For example, the unbearably shy sister and her brother’s dilemma whether to leave family or stay with family sacrificing his desire of having fulfilled life for the sake of family. His mother’s controlling nature and at the same time her motherly love and worry about her daughter’s future clearly shows explains artistry of the author. The complex character of Tom who is battling between his responsibilities towards his family and his future to have a fulfilled life is well depicted in the drama. Here is the actual passage from the pay:”Amanda’s demands were stifling Tom. They prevented him from progressing with his own life. Loving other people means that you will sacrifice many things for them, but you cannot be expected to sacrifice your youth and hopes for happiness and self-fulfillment. For Tom, there was nothing at home except a dead-end job, his difficult relationship with his mother, and watching his sister sink”. However, Tom while staying at home would have left him working in a dead-end job all of his life and he finds no enthusiasm at all with his job and decides to move on.The play tells us that sometimes there is no way to live the life you need to live and avoid causing pain to those you love. The entire play can be seen in Tom’s character i.e. author’s own apology and justification for the abandonment of his family. Many children, when they mature and move away, leave behind siblings who must struggle with their own lives. Perhaps the parents are poor care givers or the family is very poor or the sibling suffers from a disability. The children that have moved away feel some guilt that they did not stay and help their other siblings. Guilt can also come from leaving a parent in a bad situation, as Amanda will be left by the end of the play. But many children must move out and away because their conception of a fully realized life requires it. Tom knows that leaving means abandoning his mother and sister. This is well explained in the pay when Tom asks: “Who gets out of a coffin without removing one nail?” The answer, of course, is that only a magician can do this. The author Tennessee Williams excellently presents how human fantasy helps to escape from an individual problem temporarily and how he/she longs to live like that in actual life. The same is well explained by the author i.e. each member of the family uses fantasy to help them cope with a harsh reality. For example, Amanda has trouble accepting the reality of Laura’s condition and escapes to memory in which she undoubtedly overstates her own popularity as a girl. Amanda is also enraptured by the fantasy of a “Gentlemen Caller” for Laura. Though these ideas are far from reality, they allow Amanda to continue living and trying in a desperate situation. At the same time Laura also uses the fantasy world of the glass menagerie and her music to substitute for interactions with people. In a way, this is harmful to Laura as gets used to confronting her very serious problems. Whereas Tom hates his life and escapes to the unreal world of the movies, attending magic shows, and overindulging in alcohol. These allow him to cope as he helps his mother and sister. Eventually it is not enough and he decides that he must leave. Memory is not reality, but an interpretation of the past. The theme of memory ties in with the fantasy theme. The author of the play shows how they both control human behavior and character. In the play Amanda’s obsession with memory brings us to the next important theme, memory theme. An exaggerated memory of the past tortures Amanda in its contrast to her current situation and her daughter Laura’s illness and her liking to live in isolation. Laura too lives in her past and lives in her memories. Her childhood crush Jim and her memories described in the play are very descriptive and it makes audience to remember their past too. Jim, the only boy she liked, and of her embarrassment to inform him and to her family and she controls her feelings afraid of the people next to her. Finally, memory is what makes Tom and leads him to tell us his story. His final plea to his sister Laura is to put out the light, to erase the images in his brain, so that he doesn’t have to remember any more. The author Tennessee Williams artistry shows in portraying the human complex relationships in the play and they control everyone’s lives and brings in a message that though we humans have potential to excel but we are limited by the relations that we are entangled in. For example, the author describes how Laura loves Jim and he is certainly attracted to her. But she comes to know Jim is already engaged to Betty and how her world falls apart. In the case of Tom, though he loves his mother and his sister but his need to live a fulfilled life makes him to take decision to go away from his family. Whereas Amanda loves her children neither she can convince Tom to stay with the family nor she can help her daughter steeled in life and torn apart in her life. At the same time, she is helpless and cannot stop trying to interfere with Tom’s need to live his own life.The characters in the play particularly Amanda, the mother, and Laura, the sister, may make the readers feel uncomfortable. If that happens, the playwright and the actors are doing their jobs. Think about why the playwright presented the characters in the way that the author did. If the audience question themselves, “What could have Tom done differently to avoid moving away?” and in the same fashion ask about why Tom feels the need to tell this story. Certainly, the answers to these questions will take you to the heart of the play. Clearly the author Tennessee William has shown his artistry in achieving the dramatic effects by presenting the play as a memory play instead of chronological events style.


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