The years from 1450 to 1800 was a time of greatsignificance for both maritime nations and gunpowder empires. Both were at onepoint successful world powers achieving many personal improvements/benefits. The Spanish and the Ottomans, for example, built 2flourishing empires based on different principles and serves as an example ofhow empires grow with success throughout time. As the Ottomans took control ofEurope, the Spanish were conquering the New World, and each empire haddifferent tactics that made their empire successful; for example, the Ottoman Empirepromoted religious tolerance, unlike the Spanish empire. However some of theirtactics were very similar, for example, both empires expanded their influenceand rule through the use of their own military. The Spanish and Ottoman Empire’s methods of empire buildingdiffered in that the Spanish conquered lands in the New World while theOttomans captured land in the Old World. Due to advanced maritime technology atthe time, Spain was able to travel to the New World and colonize there, insteadof challenging the Ottoman Empire in Europe and the rest of the Old World.The theme of expansion and exploration is greatly shown by both empires capturingand controlling over different areas around the globe.
Another difference between the Spanish’s and Ottomans’methods of empire building was their views on religion acceptance. Unlike theOttomans, the Spanish were not tolerant of different religions. The Spanishconquered the New World with the intent of converting the natives toChristians, and if they refused, they would be persecuted. Although theOttomans promoted their religion, Islam, peoples of different religions werenot persecuted.
In fact, the Ottomans created millets, which were little groupsof people with the same religious view. The theme of religious beliefs isgreatly shown by both empires showing how empires can be strict or limitlesstoward religious freedom. A similarity between the Spanish and Ottoman Empire’s methodsof empire building was their use of military in order toexpand their influence and rule. The Ottomans used their janissaries and theirarmy of trained foreigners, under the reign of Suleyman the Magnificent, topush the Ottoman Empire’s borders as far as into Persia and Egypt. Along doingso, they controlled trade routes in order to help their economy and also tospread Islam.
Similarly to the Ottomans, the Spanish used their military to enrichtheir trade and promote their religion of Christianity. They had a skillednavy, which were the Spanish Armada and sent conquistadors to colonize theAmerica’s for Spain. The theme of power is greatly shown by both empiresshowing that the more stronger an empire’s military is, the better chance anempire has onto influencing others and expanding their ruleThe Spanish and the Ottoman Empire had similar yet differentideas when they built their empire. Different in the fact that theSpanish empire captured lands in the New World while the Ottomans captured landin the Old World and how the Ottoman Empire promoted religious tolerance whilethe Spanish didn’t promote it.
Similar in the fact that both empires expandedtheir influence and rule through the use of their own military.