The New Deal and the Great Society were totally different in numerous ways. Positive and negative results accumulated from both. Effects and conditions from two reforms influenced both the New Deal and the Great Society. Both held key pieces of legislation and supporters had intentions for both groups that articulated them. In this essay, I will explain the difference and similarities, intentions, and effects of both groups. The two were similar were similar because both the New Deal and the Great Society used the government to enhance social welfare. Government sponsored programs were included in the New Deal and the Great Society. Both constructed federal programs for housing construction and federal legislation to help the elderly. Differences were preschool education for disadvantage children was an innovative of the Great Society; In contrast to the New Deal, the Great society included federal legislation protecting civil liberties of African American. The New Deal was about security and disengagement from the labor forces. The Great Society focused more on labor forces and opportunity participation. The New Deal supported hard-pressed Americans at a time of economic catastrophe. The Great Society invested in people at the labor force at a time of economic opportunity. Pessimistic was an word for the New Deal, but the Great Society was optimistic. The intentions of the New deal aimed for the three R’s: relief, recovery, and reform. The first New Deal generally emphasized the immediate problems of the depression which were relief and recovery. Second New Deal aimed at reforming the system of government and its role in society. The Great Society had two goals which were to maintain the strength and growth of the economy and to expand social welfare to lift all Americans out of poverty. The New Deal helped reduce the severity of the Great Depression, but it did not end the depression. The New Deal helped make things better than they had been from the depression. The major long-term effect was the government being more involved. One of Johnson’s aides, Joseph A. Califano, Jr., has countered that “from 1963 when Lyndon Johnson took office until 1970 as the impact of his Great Society programs were felt, the portion of Americans living below the poverty line dropped from 22.2 percent to 12.6 percent. Overall, the great society was not a success because it did not achieve its goal in any lasting way. The New Deal’s performance was certainly successful in both short-term relief, and in implementing long-term structural reform. Both groups could have performed better actions to become successful.