The issue of poverty has gained a massive character. At the same time, it is assumed that there is a direct link between poverty and the intention to commit a crime. Indeed, poverty can be a serious factor to force a person to resort to illegal actions. Nevertheless, although poverty plays a considerable role here, it cannot be considered as the main factor behind most crimes. Poverty is only one of a broad range of other complex factors.
It is hard to deny that millions of people are living below the poverty line across the globe. However, it is estimated that only a small percentage of them commit crimes (Prager, 2014). In fact, many of those who live below the poverty line prefer to work hard, just as individuals with a higher income, in order to ensure a decent living for them and their families. It is worth noting that the majority of those who live in destitution would never even dare to commit a crime (Prager, 2014). As such, it is not just the poverty itself, but the scope of many personal characteristics, beliefs, values, and experiences.
Over the last two decades, criminologists from all over the world examined a broad range of factors, which force individuals to commit crimes. In particular, this involved a set comprising of economic, societal, biological, and mental factors (Weatherburn, 2001). Also, psychologists and criminologists have allocated other factors forcing individuals to commit crimes, which involve vengeance, antagonism, vanity, greediness, and envy (Weatherburn, 2001). In addition, some people have a clear intent to commit a crime. As such, they deliberately plan their actions in advance in order to reduce possible risks and increase benefits (Weatherburn, 2001). Some criminals even stated that they chose a life of crime, instead of an ordinary life, believing that the life out of the law promised greater returns (Weatherburn, 2001). As it can be seen, poverty is only one of many other triggers of committing a crime.
At the same time, it is worth noting that there are obvious statistical connections between poverty and crime. In fact, poorer districts, towns, cities or regions systematically demonstrate higher general crime rates. For instance, this involves property and violent offenses (Weatherburn, 2001). Nevertheless, poverty itself should be considered as an element of a much broader circle. In particular, this involves high unemployment rates, uncertainty and stress within the households, generally less effective educational institutions, and the general environment that makes an offense seem more attractive and even a necessity.
To sum up, it can be stated that many people would argue that poverty is the main factor behind most crimes. While it may be true in some cases, the given statement requires a precise consideration along with the examination of all other factors that may force an individual to commit a crime. Although poverty plays a major role in many crimes, it is wrong to consider it as a solitary factor. Poverty is only a part of a much broader circle of elements, which cause people to commit crimes.