The federalgovernment through EPA(administer) enforces federal laws that protects vitalnatural resources such as air, water, and land. This powerful agency enactslaws that control air and water pollutants, EPA supervises the programs thatpromote energy efficiency and conservation, and effectively involved in thecleanup of environmental polluted areas. The US congressempowered and granted EPA the legal authority of establishing and administeringfederal laws that protect natural resources for protecting the public healthand ensuring a safe clean environment and natural resources, controlling airand water pollution and regulating solid waste disposal. Also EPA is a vibrantscientific research body that have successfully provides environmentaleducation and safety awareness to the public and private sectors through theirbest scientific team and technology.In a quest for a clean and safe environment, and to efficientlyreduce environmental risk and hazards, EPA have successfully set a national andglobal Eunice safe environmental standards that most states and localgovernments emulate in enforcing their own environmental regulations. States,nonprofit organizations, and research institutions receives financialassistance like grants from EPA to carry out environmental and human publichealth research which often related to the cleanup of toxic waste sites.According to my finds and research, the history of EPA showsthe rapid growth of industrialization in the united states in the mid 90’s ledto a porous air and water pollution and environmental deterioration whichgenerate the high concerns that cause an urgent demand for the federalgovernment to make and enforce laws to protect the public health and clean upthe already deteriorated environment.
In 1969 the administration of presidentRichard Nixon inaugurate a committee that charged with the responsibility ofworking with the existing environmental laws and enforcement agencies in theUnited states which was abducted by the congress as the national environmentalpolicy act of 1969, and later signed into law January 1, 1970, whichmetamorphose to the EPA. As a result of public pressure to clean up the environment,EPA was created with sole purpose of enforcing the adopted and amendedenvironmental federal laws during the 1970’s and 1980’s which include thefederal laws insecticide, fungicide, and rodenticide act of 1947, 1970 cleanair act amendments, Ban of the toxic pesticide dichloro-diphenyl-trichloroethane (DDT).The dumping of toxic materials was illegal to the extent ofbeen uncontrollable and grow a major concern that the federal governmentrealized the urgent need to step in and prevent the contamination of theenvironmental hazards and to clean up the old abandoned toxic waste sites, forthis very reason the congress in 1976 passed the Resource Conservation andRecovery Act (RCRA) to stop future dumping of toxic and hazardous substancesand granted the environmental protection (EPA) the legal authority to managethe disposal of waste. Also EPA are responsible for regulating the generation,transportation, treatment, storage, and disposal of toxic and hazardous substanceswith a tremendous progress in the cleaning of toxic and hazardous substances.
Thecongress later passes many more amendments to RCRA that gave the EPA the powerto set standards for nonhazardous solid waste disposal and for installation andmaintenance of underground storage tanks containing hazardous substances suchas petroleum products. Congress enacted the comprehensive environmentalresponse, compensation, and liability act in 1980, due to the serious nature ofpublic health exposure to toxic waste sites throughout the united states. This actis known as Superfund.
Since its establishment the EPA has demanded compliance withfederal environmental laws from private business owners, states, and individualcities as well EPA has been able to meet its enforcement challenges by adoptingand imposing strict regulations and seeking assistance from courts to obtaincompliance. Human caused the cleanup of environmental disasters and hazardouswastes has been the focal point of the EPA plans, management, and role, andthey have been absolutely effective in places like Niagara fall in New York,the three-mile Island nuclear plant core meltdown in Pennsylvania, the Exxonvaldez oil spill in Alaska, and the 2010 BP Deepwater horizon oil spill in theGulf of Mexico. It has also assisted in dealing with environmental issuesarising from natural disaster like Hurricane.EPA works in several other areas to protect and encourageenvironmental protections as parts of its enforcement and cleanup functions. Also,EPA has strategies initiatives concerned with the reduction of greenhouse gasesand the adoption of air quality rules. EPA has also conducted risk andpeer-review assessments to ensure the safety of high concern chemicals found inproducts and in the environment developed new strategies to protect the qualityof public drinking water supplies, and supported the revitalization and reuse ofabandoned and contaminated inner city brownfields.
EPA executes itsresponsibilities of protecting the environment, natural resources and publichealth while attempting to avoid negative impacts on economic growth,industrial development, energy production, agriculture, transportation and internationaltrade.