The definition of ‘sustainability’ is the ability of hownatural systems function, remains diverse and produce everything it needs tomaintain the ecological balance. It also takes into account how we might livein harmony with the natural resources, protecting it from damage andextinction. It is not just about environment, it’s also about our health as asociety.Our present world is in such a condition that if nottaken action, sustainability of future generation may become difficult. This iswhy serious action is needed in order to control the utilization of naturalresources in a way that they will be able to sustain indefinitelySustainable development is a way for people to useresources for development of societies without their extinction. It is meetingthe needs of people without making the future generation to compromise theiruse of resources.

Everyone has their own priority of needs. So, most of thethings that we use some way or the other includes natural resources. So,educating youth on sustainable development gives an expectation of designing asustainable future for the future generations.

Economic sustainability means better jobs,reasonable prices, cheaper electricity that can be continued indefinitely. Inour present world, consumption of resources is really huge which leads to theover exploitation of resources. In fact, we consume more than our fair share.We need a sustainable economic model which ensures fair distribution and efficientutilization of the resources to maintain a healthy balance with our ecosystem.We take the resources for granted and sometimesforget that those resources are not unlimited. All the industries emissions,wastes pollute the environment which indicates a danger sign for a wellsustained future human society.

So, it is really important to protect ourplanet’s resources from over exploitation. This includes control of emissions,controlling fossil fuel consumption, planting trees, avoiding deforestation andmanaging wastes. Herman Daly, one of the early pioneers of sustainabilityproposed that for renewable resources, the rate of production should not exceedthe rate of consumption. Also, for nonrenewable resources, its depletion shouldrequire renewable substitutes if possible for that resource.Social sustainability is the ability of a socialsystem such as a nation, to function such that it ensures the well-being ofhuman societies indefinitely or to develop plans which not only meets the needsof the present but also future generation.

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According to noble laureate AmartyaSen, social sustainability has five key things i.e. Equity (reducing thedisadvantages of projects, more control over their lives), Diversity (recognizingdiversities within different groups), Social cohesion (developing a sense ofbelonging together in a community) and Quality of life (improvingopportunities, health and skill development).It is anapproach that aims to educate students in schools and communities towards thevalues and motivation to maintain their own well-being take action againstsustainability. It aims to build awareness from the present exploitation ofresources and teaching them the correct measures for controlled utilization ofthe resources for future sustainability. It also develops students towardscritical thinking and bringing out innovative ideas towards more sustainableliving. Education for sustainability also focuses on partnerships to build big communitiesto act together.              By concluding this, we can say that in order to sustain, weneed to bring a major change in our society.

It is clear that the presentexploitation of natural resources has to be controlled in order to sustainhuman societies to the future and a lot of things has to be considered underthis. “Resilience is all about being ableto overcome the unexpected. Sustainability is about survival. The goal ofresilience is to thrive.”                                                -Jamais Cascio