The National Park that I researched and learned more information about is the Grand Canyon, I chose this park because it’s a place that I’ve always wanted to go as a child. The Park is located in Northern Arizona home of many different beautiful parks consisting of several animals, rivers, and insane minerals. The Grand Canyon is a very large National Park it is ranked 10th for biggest parks. The Grand Canyon National Park covers 1,902 mi or 277 miles in length. Temperatures at the Grand Canyon can get very hot. In the summer, temperatures can reach up to 120 degrees and the lowest is 68 degrees. The Grand Canyon was ranked the 17th National Park to be established in the United States. About 5 million people has visited the Grand Canyon every year. John Wesley Powell led the first expedition down the Grand Canyon in 1869. He came up with the name “Grand Canyon” at first the park was called the “Great Canyon”. Also the most interesting fact about the Grand Canyon is that they have a rock that’s over 2 billion years old.    The park was first discovered by Europeans in September 1540. Thirteen spanish soldiers led by Garcia Lopez de Cardenas on a searched to find the seven cities of gold. The Grand Canyon became a National Park in 1919, February 26th congress passed the act that established the Grand Canyon as a National Park. The Grand Canyon has several rocks that has been there for billions of years and they are there for you to see. They also have lizards that shoots blood from their eyes.There are nearly 40 sedimentary rock layers exposed at the Grand Canyon it includes one of the most complete studied sequences of rocks on earth. The Grand Canyon is 200 million- 2 billion years old. The Grand Canyon has many rock formations present that you can see if you go these rock formations includes Kaibab Limestone, Toroweap Formation, Coconino Sandstone, Hermit Shale, Supai Formation, Redwall Limestone, Muav Limestone, Bright Angel Shale, Tapeats Sandstone. All of these rock formations are over 200 million years old and are deep inside of the Grand Canyon beautiful rocks that was carved by the Colorado River. Most of the Grand Canyon rocks are bright ish red because of the iron oxides out the layers above it and staining it’s outward face.    There are many plants that has grown in the Grand Canyon 1,500 known species of vascular plants, 167 species of Fungi, 64 species of Moss, and 195 species of Lichen. Even though it’s not that many trees by the Canyon plants still grow on rocks and soil. The Grand Canyon has 70 different types of animal species. 4 of them are endangered species. Which are the Humpback Chub, California Condor, Razorback Sucker, and the Astragalus cremnophylax. Other animals are living happily throughout the park which consists of Bats, BigHorn Sheep, Coyote, Cottontail Rabbit, Elk, Mountain Lions, Mule Deer, Raccoons, Eagles, Vultures, Falcons, Spiders, etc. Bats are seen mostly at sunset at the Grand Canyon. Coyotes are everywhere from trash cans to campsites. You will see every animal on your visit at the Canyon.    The Grand Canyon is one of the top visited parks. People from all across the world comes to see the amazing rocks/cliffs and animals. More than 5 million people visit the Grand Canyon every year. People from all over the world comes to the Grand Canyon to see beautiful rock formations and to learn about how the Canyon was created. Also you can experience fun activities such as rafting, picnics, hiking, and walking through the Trail Of Time.


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