Sudan Conflict

Throughout history, religion has worked as a great unifier of diverse people. Its overarching messages have worked to bring together people of different backgrounds be it racial, political, or economic, giving masses a common goal. Much of the world’s charity work is on behalf of religions which instill values that provoke these selfless actions. However, there is another side to religion, one that is quite contrary to idea of unification and acceptance.

When looking through the scope of history, we can also see religion as an exclusionary tool, often used to differentiate groups of people on an innate level. As many of these idealogies attempt to assert their beliefs as the sole “truth”, we see a war of perceptions. This is a dangerous topic of difference, as it is in its most fundamental form, a debate on the reason of existence. As one can assume, the perception on what the universe is can be a topic tied closely to emotions.

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Thus, when these debates on ideologies arise they can often become quite heated, elevating to the extent of hatred and violence. For this reason, religion has been a tool utilized to target people with dissenting views. By pointing out how these people are “fundamentally different”, those who weild religion as a weapon successfully alienate entire populations of people. This alienation makes it possible for repulsive acts to be committed against the religiously diverse, acts such as segregation, imprisonment, and even genocide, slavery and torture.

This idea of religious persecution seems like an archaic notion, a ploy that has been utilized throughout our history books but can’t possibly be seen in the modern world. With globalization and the constant exposure of diverse cultures and religious idealogies it seems impossible for close mindedness of this degree to continue. However, even within the most liberal era in world history we see these intolerable acts still taking place.

In the Darfur region of Sudan, we continue to see this incredulous The tension between the Islamic north and the Christian south of Sudan has old roots. The origin of the war between these two regions goes back to the 1950s when the country, which was previously two separate nations, was made one after World War II by the west. Shortly after this union, Sudan was emancipated from England. 1983 marks the beginning of the violent relations between the North and South Sudan.

The initiation of this conflict was brought forth by the Islamic Sudanese of the North, invading with military force the Southern Sudanese Christians . From 1983, it is estimated that at least two million people have been killed in the violent duration of this genocide, most of whom are of the Christian faith and lead non-violent civilian lives. Attention on human trafficking was brought into the international community’s scope with close proximity to the beginning of the violence as two professors from the University of Khartoum shed light on the subject.

Ushari Ahmad Mahumud and Suleyman Ali Baldo learned about the genocide and enslavement being practiced on the Dinka people, a tribal group in the southern Sudan, and upon this discovery they dicided to investigate it further. What they found was that raiders from the north were killing the Southern Christian men and kidnapping the women and children to be sold into slavery. The most disturbing part of this discovery was the newfound knowledge that this had been going on for over two years.

Professors Mahumud and Baldo took their findings and composed it into a report, which in 1987 was widely circulated throughout Sudan. As this report reached the desks of Sudaneses government officials it was flat out denied. The UN assimilated the report and discounted it as hearsay as Sudan sits as a member of the UN. Despite their earnest efforts to bring to light a disgusting movement by the Northern Sudanese, the two humane professors were incarcerated by their government and then were globally discredited as the civilized world would not and could not hear these cries for aid.