Student’s Name:Instructor:Course:Date:Historical Events in North Korea1953- A truce is called between North Korea and its allied forces and UN forces, backed by the US.
There is no official peace treaty between North and South Korea. South Korea does not sign the truce.1953-1958- Land is collectivized. 1958- The withdrawal of Chinese troops in North Korea is completed.1959- 1960- Art and media are dominated by ideologies and works which praise the Juche ideal and Kim Il-sung. Thousands of Koreans with skills in technical and science move to North Korea from Japan1966- Abolition of taxes levied on agricultural products.
1968- North Korea tries to assassinate Park Chung-hee, the president of South Korea. North Korea’s navy captures a US-owned spy ship known as Pueblo.1972- A formal summit is held between Seoul and Pyongyang. It does not yield anything as the talks are held with extreme caution between the two countries.
1974- North Korea attempts to kill Park Chung-hee again but he survives. The first lady is, however, killed. North Korea starts defaulting on many of its international debts due to the declining prices of minerals native to the country.
1975- Kim II-Sung visits China to seek Mao Zedong’s help to invade South Korea. Mao Zedong declines to offer help. North Korea emphasizes its independence and joins the Non-Aligned Movement.
1984- Agents target a venue in which South Korea’s president Chun Doo-hwan plans to visit in Burma, resulting in the death of 20 people, among them 4 cabinet ministers.1987- The US classifies North Korea as one of the countries supporting terrorism, after the country’s agents blow up a civilian airliner owned by South Korea.1991- The Soviet Union collapses, depriving North Korea of its aid, with China remaining as its only ally. Both North and South Korea join the UN.1994- The then US president, Jimmy Carter visits North Korea to meet Kim and returns home proclaiming that he has resolved a crisis caused by the accumulation of nuclear weapons by North Korea.
Kim Il-sung dies of a heart attack and is succeeded by his son, Kim Jong-il.1996- A submarine owned by North Korea takes commandos to South Korea’s coast.1998- The government announces the Songun policy, meaning military first.
2000- President Kim Dae-jung of South Korea and Kim Jong-il of North Korea hold a meeting in Pyongyang.2002- Kim Jong-il declares that the worth of all commodities should be measured using money and creates the Kaesong Industrial Region which has transportation links to South Korea. George Bush, the then president of the US makes a speech naming Iran, North Korea, and Iraq as the exil axis.2004- Chinese investments in the North Korea rise to $200 million.2005- North Korea claims that it has built a nuclear weapon.2006- North Korea tests long and medium-range missiles.
The UN sets up sanctions against the country for this. 2007- North Korea signs an agreement with the US, Japan, South Korea, Russia, and China to close the Yongbyon nuclear reactor and in return get energy and economic assistance.2009- North Korea withdraws from a 1953 armistice and carries out a second military test.
2010- Cheonan, a South Korean warship explodes and sinks by being torpedoed by a North Korean Submarine. The two countries exchange fire across their border.2011- Kim Jong-il dies and is succeeded by his son, Kim Jong-un.2013- Jang Song-thaek, uncle-in-law to Kim Jong Un is killed.2015- North Korea adopts the Pyongyang Standard Time (UTC+08.30), reversing the Japan Standard Time (UTC+9.00).2017- North Korea is successful in testing the Hwasong-14, an intercontinental ballistic missile