?Statistic shows that 37.1% of the world’s population did not own a mobile phone in 2017. Given the popularity of cell phones, many would question whether these individuals are unfortunate or blessed? Relying on several scientific studies, some may argue that they are blessed because a mobile phone is potentially a hidden health hazard. Research has shown that over time the number of cell phone calls per day, the length of each call, and the proximity of the cell phone to the person during a call may exposure a user to an unhealthy level of electromagnetic radiation which may cause damage to the skin and eyes, insomnia and possibly cancer.  ? A mobile phone transmits radiofrequency (RF) energy, i.e. radio waves, from itsantenna.  Tissues which are the closest to the antenna can absorb this energy.   RF energy is a form of electromagnetic (EM) radiation, commonly known as light.  This radiation is created when an atom absorbs energy.  “The absorbed energy causes one or more electrons to change their locale within the atom. When the electron returns to its original position, an electromagnetic wave is produced. Depending on the kind of atom and the amount of energy, this electromagnetic radiation can take the form of heat, light, ultraviolet, or other electromagnetic waves.” ?The radiation in EM is either ionizing or non-ionizing.  The difference between the two may be determined by its wavelength and frequency, i.e. the number of cycles of a wave that pass a reference point per second.  “A short wavelength means that the frequency will be higher because one cycle can pass in a shorter amount of time. Similarly, a longer wavelength has a lower frequency because each cycle takes longer to complete.”  Ionizing radiation encompass the short wavelength, high frequency, and high energy. It has enough energy to completely remove an electron from atoms and molecules. On the other hand, non-ionizing radiation encompass thelong wavelength, lower frequency, and low energy.  It does not does not carry enough energy to completely remove an electron from an atom or molecule. The amount of energy in radiation is determined by its frequency, which is described in units called hertz (Hz).  “The frequency of radiofrequency electromagnetic radiation ranges from 30 kilohertz (30 kHz, or 30,000 Hz) to 300 gigahertz (300 GHz, or 300 billion Hz).”  According to ____, a mobile phone emits non-ionizing radiation, works on 1800 to 2100 MHz frequencies, and uses the power for 6 Watts.   ?The known health effects associated with exposure to RF electromagnetic radiation depends on the amount of energy that person absorbs from the radiation.   Energy absorption is estimated by determining a person’s specific absorption rate (SAR), the rate energy absorbed by a person when exposed to RF radiation.  SAR values are dependent on the proximaty of the body to device emitting the radiation.  The closer the device is to the body the higher the SAR values.  Studies have shown that exposure to ionizing radiation is known to cause a  cell to die, repairs itself, or mutate incorrectly and possibly become cancerous. While exposure to non-ionizing radiation may increase the risk of damage to the skin and eyes.  In ——, the United States Federal Communications Commission (FCC), an agency of that regulates interstate communications by radio, cell phone, wire, and satellite set a SAR of 1.6 watts per kilogram for mobile phones.  Some cell phones come close to the FCC SAR limit.  For instance, the Motorola droid Maxx which came out on July 23, 2013 has a SAR of 1.54 W per kilogram. While more modern cell phones such as the Iphone X has a SAR of 1.07 watts per kilogram, the  IPhone 8 has 1.08 watts per kilogram,  the Samsung Galaxy S8 Plus has  1.21 watts per kilogram, and Samsung Galaxy S7 with a transmitted or .62 watts.   While exposure to non-ionizing radiation from cell phones have not been conclusively found to increase the risk of cancer, some studies have determined that dependent on the energy and exposure time, non-ionizing radiation from cell phone can cause more serious health conditions.              An excellent example of an experiment that talks about the dangers of a cell phone radiation is the the project called Adverse Effects of Cell Phone Radiation on Human Health which was made by Professor Raja Sohail Ahmed Larik, Prof. Dr. Ghulam Ali Mallah, Prof. Dr. Mir Muhammad Ali Talpur, Prof. Dr. Aamer Saeed, Fayaz Ali Larik, Abdul Karim Suhag, Sajida Karimdid. These professors constructed an experiment that tested students opinions and documents from other professors. “This work is grounded on the survey and theoretical for getting the resolutions from the various medical doctors and the Shah Abdul Latif University Khairpur students. The secondary data collected through the article, journal, research papers and textbooks 34. The study questionnaire was interviewed for data collected from the student and medical doctors/paramedical staff of Civil Hospital Khairpur, City Hospital Khairpur, and different medical health centers.”  The professors who designed the test created 18 questions of important information about the cell phone, that affects a human health, and causes the diseases. Other questions talked about how many people were affected by wireless radiation Each student and doctor gave their own opinion on how the cell phone affects the body.  These professors constructed an abstract about their projecta and stating a interesting fact which is “The development of cell phone technology has caused biological effects on human.The cell phone is an integral part of our everyday life.It is used for multipurpose like a voice call, video call, browsing (Facebook, whatsApp, Viber, twitter, LinkedIn, online shopping etc.), chatting, listening music, meeting games, reading books etc. It implies that the usage of a cell phone is more than 16 hours a day.” That quote is saying that just about 2/3 of an average humans usage of the day is spent on a cell phone. Therefore, the exposure of radiation increases on the body which can increase the risk of unforeseen health problems like the head, male and female organs, skin tissue, heart and damage to your eyes and also troubling the 70% of water humans hold in their bodies.  The first question was asked of students if they had a phone and 99% of the students answered yes have a phone. The second question was asked of how long they will using the phones the option with the most people was from 11 hours to 14 hours (71%) followed by 5 hours to 8 hours (68%) followed by 14 hours to 17 hours (67%) and lastly by 2 hours to 5 hours (39%). Then another question was asked of how many students use hands-free calling or ear calling results of that was 93% use ear calling while only 7% use hands free calling. Several other questions were asked but two important questions that intrigued the reader’s eye were  “How close do you keep yourself phone?” and the options were shirt pocket (18%) pants pocket (64%) or hand (28%). The final question that intrigue the reader’s eye, was “Do you believe that mobile cell phones is it dangerous for human health?” Parentheses I love present in parentheses 11% said yes,  24% said no, and 67% about 2/3 said cannot say which is very interesting because that means that over majority of the universities are unaware of the effects of the the cell phone.      The professors continue to go on with their research until they came up with an answer there is a 77% chance that users with cell phones can obtain a brain tumor, 46% change of male Infertility, an 88% chance of ear damage, 43% chance of Alzheimer’s disease, 34% chance of Parkinson’s disease, 22% chance of leukemia, 74% chance of eyes disease, and  70% chance of a heart disease.      Even though these are devastating news, these percentages are very accurate. It is obvious that the usage of a cell phone is increasing day by day and that the cell phone has  became the part of our everyday lives. However, many people do not realize the dangers of having a cell phone and the dangers of  its exposure from the radiation. I asked you a question in the introduction over 35% of people do not have a mobile cell phone are they the fortunate or doomed; if we continue to let the exposure grow from radio frequency radiation of our cell phones we are bound to be doomed individuals ?-


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