Solar power use all over the world has been emphasized due to the increasing uncertainty of the fossil fuels and rising levels of the green house gases in the atmosphere that threaten the overall existence of the human beings on the globe. It has been considered as a clean form of environment due to it’s limited negative effects in the environment. However, the cost of the solar panels for converting the solar energy to consumer usable forms are very costly to be afforded by majority of the low class people (Dimroth, 38).
This cost inhibits the accessibility, availability and eventual use by low and middle class level people in their areas of residence. This paper explores the extent of the problem through consumption patterns and attitudes determined by the availability of wealth to the various social classes of people in the society. Besides, the paper discuses all the social and scientific dimensions to the problem while exploring the viable solutions that can be employed to address the issue.
To bring out the clear picture of the problem global y, the paper assesses the situation from an international point of view where statistics are compared and contrasted to assist in drawing the major conclusions regarding solar power. High cost of solar converting and solar power utility equipments Solar energy from the sun is converted into more consumer usable solar energy which makes it possible to be transmitted into different areas and sections through cables to run machines and other electric equipments.
This technology was developed in the late 1970’s through space explorations before being developed into the current many forms applicable to different systems (Dave & Stephen, 117-118). Soar power technology is used in space heating, distillation, hot water thermal energy cooking, industrial high temperature heating and disinfection. The cost and installation of the solar panels and solar gadgets has been very high as the technological development has not brought to the market low consumer friendly gadgets that can be easily afforded.
Globally, due to the unavailability of the solar converting equipments to the larger community in the society, only 0. 1% of the total available solar energy is converted and used (World watch Institute, 108-109). This indicates a very low percentage in the presence of the high demand for the same commodity. Due to the high demand in the solar energy in the bid to reduce the overall costs, the prices move up to the levels that the the ordinary people cannot afford at any time of the year. It is therefore left as an unavailable energy that is accessible to the rich high class people in the society.
Low class level people are left to continue using the rest of the energy sources that hurts their economic status (Dimroth, 39). 88. 5% of all the people who use solar energy in the world are high class people, while the remaining 11. 5% is by the middle class and low class people who are helped by the welfare or through strained combined efforts in their society at different regions all over the world. As a result, rich people have turned use of solar power and other solar accessing gadgets as a luxury and therefore raising the visible gap between the poor and the rich (Green, 49).
Attitudes on affluence and distribution of wealth. Due to the rising levels of economic hardships in the world, research indicates that over 75% of the people on the globe are not satisfied by affluence that allows only few people to have access to the solar clean energy without others accessing the same. With vast claims of the negative impacts of the other types of energy used like biomass and petroleum, it is highly unethical as the low class people are more affected by upper respiratory complications in the society.
Internationally, call to reduce the difference between the poor people and the rich ones has been intensified with little success due to the fact that the wealthy ones posses majority of the lower class income generating avenues like industries and macro businesses in their different countries. It is estimated that the rich people hold over 75% of the total world wealth while the remaining 25% is held by the middle and low scale earners in the society (Dimroth, 41).
Poor wealth distribution therefore is the largest stumbling block to the realization of the solar power clean energy objective in the whole world and saving it from the current looming threat of increasing global warming and harmful radiations. With the total wealth being in the hands of only a few people in the society, the negative attitudes become even stronger as the lower level people understand that their ability to access the solar power in the society is determined by the rich since they also own the production systems making them just production units who cannot be able to afford the products they make (Peter, 65).
Besides, affluence is strongly influenced by the wealthy ones as they are directly involved with legislations and policies development at all stages in the society. As thy have the required finances, they are able to navigate to the legislative levels of different states in the world. At this position, they are able to manipulate the policies to favor their production units or their friends in the production units. Differences between the poor and the rich are expected to rise in the next 10 years before slowing down and maintaining a steady level.
Though large numbers of the people have resulted to accept the capitalistic nature of the international wealth availability and creation, over 65% believe that the disparity should be addressed to reduce the large gap for easier accessibility and better life for all the people in the world. As indicated earlier, the dream of lighting the world with solar energy as one of the renewable clean energy in the world might turn out to be a mirage due to international affluence. Social dimensions of the problem
Whereas the causes of the affluence and poor wealth distribution are complex, non-linear and highly interrelated with their impacts in the social fiber being far much felt due to poor availability of complimentary and sequential market dictatorship of the market forces. Due to unavailability of the clean energy by these people in the society, the world will continue exploiting the unsustainable energy sources though with higher levels of the of inefficiency and increased negative impacts (Dimroth, 50).
Hatred and social revolts are bound to increase through out the world as people get more and more enlightened on the wealth disparities and affluence in the world. Availability as indicated earlier is determined by the wealthy people prompting them to form the economic cartels and wealth cocoons where the low class people cannot reach with ease. Inner hatred and increased massive criminal activities may rise steadily. Addressing the problem.
Solar power being a clean renewable energy in the world, will continue being unavailable for multiple use by majority of the people due to the high costs that limits the majority of the people in the society. The overall objective therefore must be addressed to enhance the objective realization for the world. Subsidizing the solar power panels and other gadgets Due to the high costs of the solar power panels and related gadgets, different governments through their budgetary allocations can enhance accessibility and subsequent use of the solar energy.
Japan plans to subsidize the solar panels and all the solar gadgets to help over 80% of all the people in it’s country have access to the solar power ‘by the year 2030 (Wilcox, 12). Other countries like California, Malaysia and Australia have the same plans that will ensure subsidized production and therefore reduced prices for the consumers in the market (Dave & Stephen, 213). Use of policy and legislative framework
John et al ( 99-100) notes that, with increasing cost of living and government spending on the fragile global economies, the administrative authorities are supposed to enact legislations that will favor availability and eventual use of the solar power by all. Education system should incorporate all the elements of the solar energy particulars and details thereby enhancing their decision making by putting it as priority in their lives. From the early stages of life in the development of the people, solar energy concept must be made part of their living system.
The prevailing policies therefore must encourage and influence the subsequent decisions by the people (World watch Institute, 108-109). Local and international cooperation Globalization having taken root in the current world and reducing it into one small village in terms of products and services movement, all the windows must be opened for the local people to benefit. Solar products produced at different places in the world must be circulated in the world for the market forces to take place. Due to this competition, the best market prices based on the demand and supply of the solar power converting and related equipments would be realized.
Local control of the rich people for their market would be curtailed and the lower class people would be able to afford the clean solar power in their homes (Thomson Gates, 19). Besides, all the local and international organizations dealing with solar energy should come together and join their efforts in making the availability come true for all the people. Anchored by the different international declarations that are meant to reduce the green house gases emissions and depletion of the atmosphere they should lobby for improved quality and accessible types for all the people (Dimroth, 51).
Advancement in technology. Technological advancement holds the key to the availability of the solar power to all the people globally. Through advancement in technology, cheaper solar energy producing photonic crystals has been used to make less costly and higher energy producing panels in Malaysia (Mussgnun, 802-803). Research should therefore be directed towards the development of new technology that will increase efficiency of solar energy conversion from the current low levels to high dependable rates (Dave & Stephen, 95-96).
Also, mass production of solar power from large scale receptors should be initiated all over the globe to help especially the people within the vicinity without them having to incur the high cost of buying these costly solar panels in their homes (John et al, 99-100) . Conclusions Solar power availability and use has been greatly affected by the poor distribution of wealth in the society with only the wealthy people being able to afford the costly priced solar power equipments.
Socially it has been very harmful to the people of the lower classes in the society resulting to the main objectives of the global community to use the clean energy being compromised. Interventions from the local administrations and the governments has therefore been necessary alongside international considerations for better supply and accessibility by the people. New international and local legislations have been made necessary to reverse the trend and increase the availability of the panels to the people.
It is clear that the main solution to the problem lies in the scientific technology development which will not only raise the production of the solar power equipments, but also dictate the market prices die to the market forces of supply and demand (Thomson, 19). Distribution of these solar power equipments and services technology through globalization will ensure smooth circulation to the whole globe with ease. Finally, cooperation and change of attitudes by the people in the society will form the overall platform for the development of the technology and overall business for these equipments.