Chinese society and culture development has been greatly influenced by the Confucian moral ethics, Shang dynasty oracle bone divination and daioist mysticism which lays the basis of their governance, religion and social life interaction in China. Unlike majority of the eastern communities which have greatly taken to the western cultures, Chinese people have developed their own derived classical orientation that have shaped their governance and led the country to the current envied social cultural and economic development (Mengzi-Zhou, 2006).
Aaording to Van Norden (2001), confucian moral ethic emphasis on governmental and personal morality as the main attribute for correctness of justice, social relationship and sincerity. Taking strongly from his main theories, the Chinese culture has emphasized on the main actions that help to build the society therefore acting as the platform for future social development. Though partly translated as righteousness, Confucian theories emphasized on the need to do the correct things to others through “benevolence” and “humaneness”.
Therefore, natural morality should be applied as the main concept for governance and relationship. As used in China, virtues are emphasized with penalties applied in the governance system to reform different people and entities (Mengzi-Zhou, 2006). Oracle bone divination has been very influential in the Chinese believe where ancestors opinions are sought to please them therefore reducing suffering they cause to the people. They were therefore consulted in times of mourning, birth, death, agriculture, weather and warfare which they responded with promptness and precision.
Van Norden (2001) points out that, Pyromancy, plastromancy and scalpulimancy enhanced the divination from the ancestors and the recording done using Earthly branches and Heavenly stem. As a call to appease the ancestors, people in China have been struggling to only do the correct things to one another, therefore brooding a socially harmonious society. Like the oracle bone theory, daioist mysticism is a philosophy that partly focuses on the longevity of the soul (Wu, 1995). It emphasizes on health and immortality of the people and spontaneity.
This philosophy have had large impact on the Chinese culture in that their widely known medicines, astrology, quigong breath training and cuisine is strongly tied to it. Besides, it was supported by major religious and political emperors for political reasons therefore establishing it as a core aspect in the china communities as it was during that period (960-1127) that taoist temples were established (Mengzi-Zhou, 2006). Taoism is followed by about 400 million people representing about 30% of the people and also increasing it’s revival due to it’s increasing popularity.
Conclusion Chinese society and culture development has been greatly influenced by the Confucian moral ethics, Shang dynasty oracle bone divination and daioist mysticism have since historical times established the major basement of the political mode of operations and interactions of the people in the society. Believe in divinity and religion has molded the Chinese people and acted as the center point in call for virtues by the human beings the society (Wu, 1995).
With major call for people oriented leadership in China, the country has increased democracy that have seen it become a major power to reckon with in the 21st century. As a major mold of the Chinese people the followers of the Taoism have tremendously increased with major calls to fully revive the system. Therefore, the culture of the Chinese people have been entirely carved from their own traditions which they fully associate with and adhere to at all times.