The 1920s in the United States was an era of change. The country was rapidly changing into an industrialized region. It changed from an agricultural nation into an industrial power. However, modernization brought with it conflicts between the old social and cultural values. Social Conflicts As people became capitalists, industrialists, and entrepreneurs, they’ve also adapted their values to an increasingly consumerist society. The Victorian tradition of temperance gave way to more liberal practices. The city dwellers valued pleasure and leisure over self-restraint and hard work. During the 1920s, evolution was a widely debated issue.
The opposing sides argued based on scientific and religious doctrines. Another social conflict of this time was on the isolationist stance taken by the country after the First World War. Many Americans, particularly from the rural areas, were in favor of isolationism, while a smaller number were against it. Cultural Conflicts The passing of the Prohibition into law in the 1920s became one of the major cultural clashes in that period. While some people believed that banning the manufacturing and selling of liquor is necessary in a society that was changing, others asserted that prohibition was the result of an outdated morality.
Another cultural conflict in this era was on the role of women. Because of industrialization, jobs became available for them and a new women’s culture of consumerism and entertainment was created. The traditional people believed that this empowerment of women was threatening to the moral foundation of the society. The most important cultural conflict during the 1920s was on race and ethnicity. The Ku Klux Klan mainly targeted African-Americans. They also opposed immigrants coming to the country.