Senior Research Paper Analisis on FederalismJarod Rose Louisburg High School Abstract This paper it will be answering the prompt question “Is the federal relationship between the states and national government one of mutual respect and responsibility as intended in the Constitution?”. In reading this article the conclusion will be drawn that federalism is not working in America and that Federalism is not what Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, and George Washington made it out to be back in the 1700’s. It will explain how federalism is not working in today’s day and age, to how it is working in america. This will prove how Federalism has given to much power to the national government over the state government making it hard for them to make the appropriate decision. This paper will goes into depth analyzing Federalism and explains how Federalism differs from what the constitution says about how the National government has taken a lot of power away from the states governments. Senior Research Paper Analisis on Federalism It all started in 1789 when Federalism was established by three men by the names of Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, and George Washington. These men presented the national government with three powers, known as delegated powers, implied powers, and inherited powers.
Delegated powers are directly stated in the constitution and grants the national government the power to coin money, regulate commerce, declare war, raise and maintain armed forces, and to establish post offices. Implied powers are not directly stated in the constitution but are popularly known as the Necessary and proper clause. This allows our national government to make decisions that seem necessary for the situation that is given to them.
The last power that they granted the national government is known as the inherent power, which is also not listed directly in the constitution. This power is held by the president to adequately fulfil his / her responsibilities. Federalism also grants a certain amount of power to the state governments for local issues.
An example of a local matter would include state programs, state taxes, and roads. The national government has been given three types of power, leaving the state governments with limited amount of power. There’s a quote about the establishment of Federalism given by Abraham Lincoln that says “This nation shall have a new birth of freedom; and…this government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth” ( Abraham Lincoln, 1863 ). Meaning that Federalism should never adjust from how it was originally established so that Federalism stays on track with how Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, and George Washington created it.
In today’s day and age Federalism differs from what the constitution says because the national government has taken a lot of power away from the states. Every year there are a considerable amount of natural disasters that occur throughout America. Wildfires happen countless times throughout the western United States almost every summer. There is also a great deal of hurricanes that destroy the east coast that causes a large amount of damage, flooding, and homelessness. This leads to an overlap of responsibilities which causes a lack of accountability between the state government and the national government. An example of lack of accountability between the national government and the state government would be fighting against inequality throughout the United States.
If the national government would turn over their power to the states each state could worry about the amount of poverty in their territory. There’s a quote that expresses inequality in the United States written by the ninth president of the United States that says “The rich get richer and the poor get poorer” ( William Harrison, 1840 ). This problem has lead to an estimated 40 million americans living homeless either on the streets, in cars, in homeless shelters, or in transitional housing. In result of having over 40 million people living homeless there is going to be a high number of those people dying because of health related issues. If we don’t solve the unbelievable amount of homeless people across america more and more people will continue to die.With the delegated powers in Article 1 section 8 of the Constitution it grants the national government countless powers over the states.
People across america should be concerned about this because if the national government manages to keep expanding their powers over federalism it could possibly lead to an Oligarchy. An Oligarchy is a form of government in which all power resides with a few people or a small group of people maintaining control of a country, organization, or institution. This would end up affecting the American people. An example of Americans losing their rights due to an oligarchy government would be their right to vote because no matter what their would always be a small group of people controlling everything.There are countless possible solutions to fix these problems dealing with Federalism in America.
To prevent our federal government from becoming an oligarchy form of government and the number of homeless people in america to decrease, we need to change the amount of power given to the national government and give some to the states. The national government is customary to having so much power over the states that they would oppose giving up any power to the states even if it was a local matter. Even though Federalism causes so much stress, the government must not be doing everything wrong because Federalism is still working in America. Federalism creates a feeling of patriotism throughout the United States. It also allows involvement at the state levels for people who are active in constructing policies, procedures, or laws. Since the government is so open to the people it encourages the American people to be involved because being involved is so simple, but imagine if all the other branches were wiped out of the national government? That’s one of the thing that Federalism achieved when it was put into place back in 1789. Separation of powers allows the state governments to be independent, but also hold enough power to prevent tyranny, so as long as separation of powers is still in place it ensures that citizens will still have all their freedoms.
Federalism creates many other branches which separates all the power so that our government can focus on the larger issues in America. Even though Federalism is doing many things right to create an adequate government for the people the bad things still overpower the good. Yes, Federalism disperses power through the government so that they can focus on larger issues in the United States. However the amount of power that the national government possess could possibly turn our Federal Government into an Oligarchy.
There’s a quote that demonstrates how to keep our government from turning into an oligarchy. Asa Hutchinson says that “Proper training and federal supervision in state-federal partnerships are essential to both asuring constitutional rights and enforcing our immigration laws. Our Founding Fathers’ concept of federalism does not prohibit such cooperation, and we have learned from experience that joint efforts work best” ( Asa Hutchinson, 1950 ). In his statement he is trying to explain how the founding fathers meant for Federalism to continue as they constructed it with powers shared evenly between the national government and the state governments. Although in today’s day and age power is not shared equally between the national and state governments. Instead power has slowly started to expand to the national government giving them more power over the states.The United states government has a long ways to go to be what it was originally created to be, “This nation shall have a new birth of freedom; and..
.this government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth” ( Abraham Lincoln, 1863 ). Lincoln explained it perfectly to his audience by speaking about how Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, and George Washington established Federalism to be a new birth of freedom for the American people. These three men formed Federalism to stay in place permanently so that it would not perish from the earth.
Even though federalism differs from what the constitution says, the government is very successful with the decisions that they make involving the citizens of the United states of America. Restate points made in essay that back your thesis; add concluding sentence (most likely a call to action)