Security Risk Assessment Report and Recommendations Methods/Techniques One of the primary techniques used for this security risk assessment report was obtained through the physical security survey checklist. A thorough walk through of the property utilizing the Physical Security Survey Checklist (Hanna, 2011), provide a clear outline of the security system that is currently in place and what is additionally needed to provide a more secured property for residents. The objectives are to evaluate, analyze and to identify key issues, internal and external threats. The areas to be inspected are as follows: * Current security procedures Analysis of the routes leading to and from the premises * Access control measures and procedures * Physical security of perimeters * Physical security of parking * Illumination (external and internal) * Electronic security measures (alarms, panic buttons, CCTV, etc) * Exposure of critical assets * Perimeter Barriers Public and private sector security are both present in the realm of law enforcement. Ideally, the two groups work together in an effort to protect citizens and fight crime. One of the major differences between them is the authority that governs the types of activities involved in their duties.

Public law enforcement includes all government agencies. Police services offered by local, state and federal authorities all fall under this category. They deal with crimes occurring within their jurisdictions. Their authority is generally limited to public places such as parking lots, public streets, and crimes against the general public. The main roles of public law enforcement are arresting fugitives and other criminals, enforcing laws, and keeping the public safe. The public sector is funded by taxes paid by citizens (Woodhurst, 2011). Security within the private sector covers a wide range of duties.

The private security industry has been defined as: “those self-employed individuals and privately funded business entities and organizations providing security-related services to specific clientele for a fee, for the individual or entity that retains or employs them, or for themselves, in order to protect their persons, private property, or interests from various hazards. ” While public law enforcement take the reactive approach in responding to crime, the private sector take on more of a proactive role in preventing crime and ensuring a feeling of safety (Dempsey, 2010, Chapter 2: What is the Private Industry? . The skill levels vary within the private security spectrum, including mall security and armed guards at the entry-level end, corporate security management and personal security for wealthy or otherwise important persons being more specialized with a higher caliber of training and skills. Security personnel within the private sector have a duty to their client who pays them and not the general public. Their primary interest is to protect assets, policies, and procedures. After completing an evaluation of the property, a number of security risks and vulnerabilities have been found (Hanna, 2011).

Perimeter Barriers A Perimeter barrier is non-existent at the front main entrance to the gated property. Main vehicle entry gate has a 2 feet gate from the ground to the bottom edge of the gate. The gap is tall enough for an adult male to crawl under and access the private property. The concrete wall that is intended as a barrier in individual unit’s backyard is not tall enough. Intruders can easily climb over the wall and gain access into the backyard of the residents. There are no video surveillance systems throughout the property to monitor activities on or around the property.

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Each unit has its own gate to access the backyard attached to the side of the house that is not secured with a lock. There is a sliding patio door in the backyard that opens into the dining and living room area of the house that is secured only by a latch type lock. The current perimeter barriers for the property located at 14721 Vermont Avenue, Gardena CA 90247 does not create a physical or psychological deterrent to unauthorized entry (U. S. Department of the Interior, U. S. Geological Survey, 2005, Chapter 4-1: Exterior Protection). Protective Lighting

The exterior lighting for individual units and driveways are programmed to turn off at 2:00 a. m. Lack of proper lighting prevents proper identification of unwanted intruders (U. S. Department of the Interior, U. S. Geological Survey, 2005, Chapter 4-5: Protective Lighting). Protective Alarms There are no central alarm systems for the property. Each unit has its own security alarm system with motion sensors installed and can be activated. It is optional and is not provided by the property owner. Personal Identification and Control An identification system is currently not in place.

Any person with a remote control or key for the gate can enter the property. Vehicle Identification/Control Not Applicable Lock Security A security officer is not appointed to the property. There is no supervision of the property. The management company’s office located in Fullerton, California keeps copies of keys for every unit and the master copies of gate keys. Locks and keys must not be changed without approval from Management Company and if they have been changed, a copy of the key must be provided for the management company. Guard Forces Not Applicable. Recommendations

Perimeter protection is the first line of defense in providing physical security for a facility. In addition to defining the physical limits of a facility and controlling access, a perimeter barrier also creates a physical and psychological deterrent to unauthorized entry. It delays intrusion into an area, making the possibility of detection and apprehension more likely. It aids security forces in controlling access and assists in directing the flow of persons and vehicles through designated entrances (U. S. Department of the Interior, U. S. Geological Survey, 2005, Chapter 4-1: Perimeter Barriers).

Replacing the current gated entry with one that covers the gap between the gate and ground is recommended. The concrete walls that separate the resident’s backyard and the neighboring property should be extended to 18 feet above the ground to provide more security from possible intruders and also prevent them from fleeing. Protective lighting should be set on a light sensor in order to provide proper lighting of the premises at all times. This improves visibility and deters intruders from entering illegally (U. S. Department of the Interior, U. S.

Geological Survey, 2005, Chapter 4-5: Protective Lighting). It also gives the residents of the property a better sense of security due to the fact that the property will always be lit and if there are any unwanted visitors, they are able to identify them more clearly. A video surveillance system is recommended at the main entry point to monitor visitors and unwanted intruders. Implementing these recommendations will provide a safer place to live and also deter unwanted visitors from entering. One of the issues facing the private security and investigation industry is the lack of professionalism.

These private security guards are not highly trained or well-paid. While some states do regulate and license security professionals, the minimum training that most private security guards receive is not worth a dime. The industry does not pay enough to attract more highly trained personnel. Most security guards double as a receptionist due to budget cuts and lack the education and training to know how to handle situations such as testifying in court or knowing how to properly react in dangerous situations (Padwa, 2001). Not employing properly trained personnel can affect the company that employs them.

The security officer at a bank might not have the proper training to know how to handle situations such as a person being shot and how to respond to the situation. This can present a liability suit against the bank. That can result in the bank having to pay out a lot of money to cover their losses due to the security officer’s lack of training and education. I believe it is very important to conduct legal and ethical private investigations practice because as a criminal justice system professional, it is important to conduct yourself in a professional manner and do things legally.

Practicing unethical or illegal methods may result in a civil claim against you. References Dempsey, J. S. (2010). Introduction to Private Investigation and Security (2nd Edition ed. ). New York: Cengage Learning. Hanna, S. (2011). Physical Security Checklist. Huntington Beach: Sal Hanna. Padwa, H. (2001, September 17). What’s Wrong With the “Security” Industry in the U. S. Retrieved July 19, 2011, from Working Life: http://www. workinglife. org/wiki/index. php? page=What’s+Wrong+With+the+%22Security%22+Industry+in+the+U.

S. +(Sep+17%2C+2001) U. S. Department of the Interior, U. S. Geological Survey. (2005, October 15). Physical Security Handbook 440-2-H. Retrieved July 19, 2011, from U. S. Geological Survey: http://www. usgs. gov/usgs-manual/handbook/hb/440-2-h/440-2-h. html Woodhurst, N. (2011, April 11). Describe Differences Between Private&Public Sector Security. Retrieved July 18, 2011, from ehow. com: http://www. ehow. com/info_8247085_describe-private-public-sector-security. html


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