Secondly, another field that changed people’s
point of view is the literature affected by Renaissance and Humanism. Writers
which include Boccaccio, Petrarch and Montaigne used comprehension obtained from
Latin and Greek texts in order to develop literature that had the elegance and
beauty of classical authors, but become greater intensely private than ever
When the literature was characterized by making use of the restoration of the
classical literature of antiquity and the adoption of a Humanist philosophy as
well as the artists did in their paintings, also the world was taken into
consideration from an anthropocentric attitude. Themes like secularism and the
true nature of man started to be adopted.2 As mentioned by Magwell, the earliest writers and philosophers of
the Renaissance, in particular Petrarch, identified the duration from which
humanity had simply emerged as a “dark age” where classical traditions had been
a response to the medieval tendency, secularism, at the time of the
Renaissance, exhibited itself inside the improvement of humanism, while human
beings started to expose more interest in human cultural achievements and the
opportunities in their fulfillment.4 Although
a small segment of the population has benefited from ideas in their works in
the beginning, the invention of the printing press by way of Johannes Gutenberg
endorsed authors to write in their local language in place of in Greek or Latin
classical languages, widening the reading target audience and promoting the spread
of Renaissance thoughts.
1 Andrew Dickson,
“Key Features of Renaissance Culture,” The British Library, March 27,
2017, accessed November 30, 2017, https://www.bl.uk/shakespeare/articles/key-features-of-renaissance-culture.
2 Jessie Szalay,
“The Renaissance: The ‘Rebirth’ of Science & Culture,”
LiveScience, June 29, 2016, accessed November 29, 2017, https://www.livescience.com/55230-renaissance.html.
3 Margaret Magwell,
“Measure of a Man: Leonardo da Vinci’s Vitruvian Man,” 2006, 6.
4 The Editors of
Encyclopedia Britannica, “Secularism,” Encyclopedia Britannica,
October 14, 2008, accessed November 30, 2017, https://www.britannica.com/topic/secularism.