Sea turtles are from the superfamily Chelonioidea, they are classified as members of kingdom Animalia, phylum Chordata, class Sauropsida, order Testudines and suborder Cryptodira. They are commonly found in oceans all over the world, except for the Arctic Ocean. There are seven living species of sea turtles, among these are the flatback, green, hawksbill, Kemp’s Ridley, leatherback, loggerhead and olive ridley; the leatherback belongs to the family Dermochelyidae and is its only member, while the rest of the species belong to the family Cheloniidae.
At present, the major species of sea turtles are facing their brink of extinction. Their numbers which used to range in the thousands, dropped to as low as a few hundreds, as an effect of extensive egg poaching and hunting in the previous years. This study aims to employ political ecology and common property theory to examine and draw conclusions on effective ways of sea turtle conservation. Furthermore, this study will address to questions about the appropriate scale at which sea turtle conservation should take place.
Records of sea turtle conservation programs from different parts of the globe will be requested and will be reviewed for their effectiveness taking into consideration the geographic location, and the different sociopolitical and geographical scales on the area in which the program was employed. Analysis made on several sea turtle conservation programs will be consolidated and conclusions would be drawn as to which method of sea-turtle conservation would be most effective in a given area. It is expected that the success of this study would lead to a considerable increase in the population of sea turles.