Aristotle is one of the most celebrated men in ancient Greek philosophy. He has been a disciple of Plato in the academy where he spent almost 20 years in his life studying. “When Plato died, Aristotle returned to his native Macedonia, where he is supposed to have participated in the education of Philip’s son, Alexander (the Great)” (Kemerling, 2006). His works are characterized to be holistic in scope and nature. He dwelled into topics such as (1) logic, (2) metaphysics, (3) knowledge, (4) virtue and (5) politics.
Louis Pasteur Louis Pasteur is well known for his different and various contributions in the realm of health and sciences. He was the one who revolutionized a new wave of treatment of various diseases and sickness. “Certainly the importance of Pasteur’s research can be etched on the annals of medical development, particularly the first vaccines devised for humans” (Famous Scientists, 2005)
His variations in research proved to develop his greatest contribution; pasteurizing. In the course of his research Louis Pasteur subjected the mixture to high temperature; killing in effect the microorganism, thereby sterilizing (pasteurizing) it before introducing pure cultures of microbes and yeast from where a predictable fermentation was achieved” (Famous Scientists, 2005) Gregor Mendel Gregor Mendell is well known and established to be an important researcher and contributor in the development of genetics and the theory of heredity. (University of Minnesota, n. d. ) Coming from the religious profession, Mendel sought for the development of a teaching life.
It is through his experiment with pea pods that he discovered and stipulated the three laws concerning heredity. “Mendel’s work and theories later became the basis for the study of modern genetics, and are still recognized and used today” (University of Minnesota, n. d. ). In the end, after all his contributions, he is considered to be the father of genetics. Ernst Mayer Ernst Mayer is known for his contribution and passion for ornithology (birds) and such study has brought him to develop and show new developments in the realm of evolution, population genetics and taxonomy. University of Minnesota, n. d. ) Mayer finished his degree in Germany and became fascinated for birds at a young age.
Such issue brought him to different areas for research. “While on his expeditions, Mayr studied various birds in the regions and upon his return he became famous for his neo-darwinian views on evolution” (University of Minnesota, n. d. ) E. O. Wilson E. O. Wilson is known for his contributions and relative work in the area of ecology and conservation biology. Since he earned his Ph. D. n 1955, Wilson has developed numerous amounts of research and development in the realm of biology and ecology. It is through this that he developed the Theory of Island Biogeography. “Applied to “habitat islands,” such as forests in a sea of agricultural land, it has influenced the planning and assessment of parks and reserves around the world” (EO Wilson Biodiversity Foundation, 2008)
Going back to his devotion for the evolution of ants, Wilson furthered such cause by advocating his second synthesis in 1971. In 1971 Wilson published his second major synthesis, The Insect Societies, which formulated the existing knowledge of the behavior of ants, social bees, social wasps, and termites, on a foundation of population biology” (EO Wilson Biodiversity Foundation, 2008) It is through this that E. O. Wilson received more than 100 awards concerning achievements and considered to be one of the main contributors in science in the current modern times.