During the 1800 and 1900 hundreds many events where occurring in America, but a huge one that made an impact is what was happening in the south. The Civil Rights Movement affected America a great deal back then and still does today on how we look at history. Rosa Parks and Martin Lutheran King are two great people who come to my mind and the impact they made. Rosa Parks was one of the most significant women, during the movement that had changed not only the south but America it’s self. She made a huge impact as a woman in the Montgomery Bus Boycott.

Women were rarely respected during the “The Civil Rights Movement,” but Rosa parks made a huge difference that not only transformed our society in the world but the way we look at race. The place and way Parks grew up, affected her point of view on segregation and the events taking place during the “The Civil Rights Movement” like the bus boycott. Rosa Parks was raised as Rosa McCauley in Alabama in the beginning of the 1900’s. Growing up in the south as an African- American wasn’t a good thing back then due to the events taking place.

Rosa was a colored woman who had Indian and white in her heritage but never let many know that about her. While she attended grade school in Montgomery, Rosa joined a private school called “Miss White’s school,” that was created by liberal women from the north to teach black girls domestic skills and academic subjects. When attending the school Parks said “What she learned best in school was she herself, was a person with dignity and self-respect and she should not set her sights lower than anybody else just because she was black. (pg 96)

Rosa had dropped out of high school for a few years due to her grandmother getting ill and got a job at a shirt factory. A few years later Rosa attended Alabama State College and At the age of nineteen, she married a barber Raymond Parks and both of them joined the NAACP together. The NAACP was the National Association for the Advancement of Colored people, and together they made an effort as one to improve segregation on a serious level locally. With Rosa being a part of the NAACP and working with this organization, it helped her make a choice, many years ago on a bus in Montgomery that today she is still very well-known for.

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Back in the 1800 and 1900’s, colored people were treated a lot different on public transportation compared to now. In Alabama, the city code had made sure that all public transportation had to be segregated. Colored people sat in the back of the bus and a white’s had the authority to sit in the front and in the back if there wasn’t much room. If colored people were sitting in the back and they needed more room for the whites, then the colored people had to stand. When colored people got on the bus they were asked to pay and then get off the bus and walk to the back to get back on.

In some events the bus drivers would drive off and leave the colored after paying already before giving them a chance to get back onto the bus. If an incident was to happen, the buy drivers were given the powers of a police officer of the city to take act upon the action. Rosa parks on the other hand did not believe this was even fair due to the ways she was raised and the experiences and facts she had from the NAACP. With Rosa and the information she knew made a huge impact on a cold winter day that would forever change her life. Shortly after five o’clock, a bus at pulled up to the stop. Absorbed in thought about NAACP workshop Parks had been planning for that weekend. ” (Olson, 107) Parks didn’t notice the driver until after she had paid and got on board. This was the same driver who twelve years ago kicked her off the bus before. She sat in the front row for the colored people section. While Rosa was on the bus and it started filling up with more white passengers, it got full and then once the driver noticed that, he got up and moved the colored people sign back.

The driver then asked the colored passengers to give up their seats and move even further back. Three out of the four colored passengers did exactly what they were told. Parks who was the fourth passenger has refused to give up her seat. After not moving and trying to make a statement, Rosa was then arrested and put in jail and in the end only got fined a totally of fourteen dollars. Rosa simply stated that the reason for her not getting up wasn’t because she was tired but because she was tired if giving in and not making a difference.

Rosa learned that she shouldn’t be treated just because she was born with a different color of skin and had just as many rights as whites. After this huge statement Park made, it was just the start of the movement called the Montgomery Bus Boycott, which has made a huge impact on the south. Parks case from the bus was the perfect case to take action to try and defeat segregation. Following Park’s arrest, by the black people all stopped taking the Montgomery buses for months, making the city lose out on tons of money.

Her work with E. D Nixon in NAACP as his secretary had allowed Rosa to know that if she was to get arrested there were plans already for the bus boycott. The black’s had no problem carpooling and walking to get to their work place. With the colored people not taking the buses, violence has begun by churches being burned and homes being attacked. All due to one person standing up and saying “NO”, this woman Rosa Parks made a huge contribute to “The Civil Rights Movement as not only sticking up for the colored but as a women.

The result of the boycott was the blacks had ended segregation on buses and they proved to themselves and others that they had the economic power to make a difference. This strike had also given a rise to Martin Luther King who are the only black leader to unite the blacks. Parks had been educated and followed for a decade with the NAACP as an activist and with her choice on the bus system on the cold winter day it acknowledged for that right to take a stand on what she believed in.

Students today can learn how to participate in groups on race and to communicate with people, they also can learn to not judge a person based on skin color. Parks has made a huge influence in not just the south but America in general. Women were not a huge deal back in the 1800 and 1900s hundreds until few of the women like Rosa Parks and Diane Nash spoke up on how they felt. Together, I think we can agree on how strong of a person this woman was and how much influence she gives to others still today.


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