Abarghuei M.J., Rouzbehan Y. and Alipour D.(2010). The influence
of the grape pomace on the ruminal parameters of sheep. Livest. Sci. 132,

Acamovic T. and Brooker J.D.(2005).Biochemistry of plant secondary
metabolites and their effects in animals. Proc. Nutr. Soc.64, 403-412.

A.M., Guillé D.A., Barroso C.G., Puertas B., García A.(2002). Determination of
antioxidant activity of wine-byproducts and its correlation withpolyphenolic
content. J. Agric. Food Chem. 50, 5832–5836.

We will write a custom essay sample on
REFERENCES Auger C., Chataigneau T., Etienne-Selloum N., Li
Specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page

order now

R., Auger C., Chataigneau T., Etienne-Selloum N., Li H.,Mart?nez M.C.,
Schini-Kerth V. B.,Laher, I.(2012). Molecular mechanisms of the cardiovascular
protective effects of polyphenols. Briti. J.Nutri.108, 1532–1549.

J.M.(2005). Where to find omega-3-fatty acids and how feeding animals with diet
enriched in omega-3 fatty acids to increase nutritional valuederived products
for human: what is actually usefull. J. Nutr. Health Aging 9, 232–242.

I., Garcia-Cayuela T., Hernandez-Ledesma B., Pelaez C., Requena T.,
Martinez-Cuesta M.C.(2012). Effect of flavan-3-ols on the adhesion ofpotential
probiotic lactobacilli to intestinal cells. J. Agric. Food Chem. 60,

Brenes A.,Viveros A.,Goni I.,Centeno C.,Sayago-Ayerdi
S.G.,Arija I. and Saura-Calixto F.(2008).Effect of grape pomace concentrate and
vitamin E on digestibility of polyphenols and antioxidant activity in chickens.
Poult. Sci. 87,307–316.

Brenes A., Viveros A.,
Goni I., Centeno C., Saura-Calixto F., Arija I.(2010). Effect of grape seed
extract on growth performance, protein and polyphenoldigestibilities, and
antioxidant activity in chickens. Span. J. Agric. Res. 8, 326–333.

Braune A., Gütschow M.,
Engst W., Blaut M.(2001). Degradation of quercetin and luteolin by Eubacterium
ramulus. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 67,5558–5567.

F., Nudda N., Battacone G., Boe R., Francesconi A.H.D., Pulina G.(2015).
Effects of grape seed supplementation, alone or associated withlinseed, on
ruminal metabolism in Sarda dairy sheep. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 199,

A.(2003). Classification and biosynthesis of secondary plant products: an
overview. In: Goldberg, G. (Ed.), Plants: Diet and Health. Chapman andHall,
London, pp. 27–48.

Lamb A.J.(2011). Recent advances in understanding the antibacterial properties
of flavonoids. Int. J. Antimicrob. Agents .38, 99–107.


Del Rio D., Stewart A.J. and Pellegrini N.(2005). A review of recent studies on
malondialdehyde as toxic molecule and biological marker of oxidative stress.
Nutri. Metab. Cardiovasc. Dis. 15, 316-328.

Deng Q., Penner  M.H., Zhao Y.(2011). Chemical composition of
dietary fiber and polyphenols of five different varieties of wine grape pomace
skins. FoodRes. Int. 44, 2712–2720.

A., Schluesener  H.(2012). Natural
polyphenols against neurodegenerative disorders: potentials and pitfalls.Agei.
Res. Rev. 11, 329–345.

Ebrahimzadeh S.K.,
Navidshad B., Farhoomand  F. and Mirzaei
Aghjehgheshlagh F.(2017). The Metabolizable Energy Content and Effect of Grape
Pomace with or without Tannase Enzyme Treatment in Broiler Chickens. Irani. J.
Appli. Anim. Sci. 7, 479-486.

Eraso F., Gonzalez J.L., Medina M.,
Perez-Lanzac  J.(1991). Influencia del
procesado y fecha de recogida sobre la composición química de los orujos de
uva.Archiv. Zootech. 40, 379–389.

U., Fernández-Quintela A., Milagro F.I., Aguirre L., Martínez J.A., Portillo
M.P.(2013). Impact of polyphenols and polyphenol-rich dietarysources on gut
microbiota composition. J. Agric. Food Chem. 61, 9517–9533.

Stastical Data-base,

Tablas FEDNA de composición y valor nutritivo de alimentos para la fabricación
de piensos compuestos. In: De Blas, C., Mateos, G.G.,Rebollar, P.G. (Eds.),
Fundación Espa˜nola para el Desarrollo de la Nutrición Animal. Universidad
Politécnica de Madrid.

M.R., Villeneuve P.(2005). Phenolic acid enzymatic lipophilization. J. Agric.
Food Chem. 53, 2779–2789.

M., Piatelli  M., Amico V. and Ruberto
G.(1994).Antioxidant activity of phenolic meroditerpenoids from marine algae.
J. Photochem. Photobiol. 26, 159-164.

Ganan M., Martinez-Rodriguez A.J. and  Carrascosa
A.V.(2009). Antimicrobial activity of phenolic compounds of wines against Campylobacter jejuni. Food
Con.20, 739-742.

V., Ananga A. and Tsolova V.(2014). Recent advances and uses of grape
flavonoids as nutraceuticals. Nutri. 6, 391-415.

Griffiths  D. W.(1986). The inhibition of digestive
enzymes by polyphenolic compounds. Advan. Experimen. Med. Biolo. 199,

Guerra-Rivas C.,
Gallardo  B., Lavín  P., Mantecón  A.R., Manso T.(2013). El orujo de uva en la
alimentación del ganado ovino: composición química,degradación de la materia
seca, pH y NH3 ruminal. XV Jornadas Producción Animal (I). 249–251.

Hajati H.,
Hassanabadi A., Golian A., Nassiri-Moghaddam H. and Nassiri M.R.(2015). The
effect of grape seed extract and vitamin C feed supplementation on some blood
parameters and HSP70 gene expression of broiler chickens suffering from chronic
heat stress. Itali. J. Ani. Sci. 14, 3273.

Hodek P.,Trefil,
P., Stiborova  M.(2002).Flavonoids-potent
and versatile biologically active compounds  interacting with cytochromes P450.
Chemico-Biological Interactions. 139, 1–21.

Hodgson J.M.(2008).
Tea flavonoids and cardiovascular disease. Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical
Nutrition. 17,288–290.

Hodgson J.M.,Croft
K. D.(2010). Tea flavonoids and cardiovascular health.Molecular Aspects of
Medicine. 31, 495–502.

Hong J.C., Steiner
T.,Aufy A. and Lien T.F.(2012). Effects of supplemental essential oil on growth
performance,  lipid metabolites and
immunity,  intestinal
characteristics,  microbiota and carcass
traits in broilers. Livest Sci. 144,253-262.

Horigome T.,
Kumar R., Okamoto K.(1988). Effects of condensed tannins prepared from leaves
of fodder plants on digestive enzymes in vitro and in the intestine of rats.
Briti. J. Nutrit. 60, 275–278.

Hughes R.J.,Brooker J.D., and Smyl C.(2005). Growth
rate of broiler chickens given condensed tannins extracted from grape seed.
Pages 56–68 in Aust. Poult. Sci. Symp. Poultry Research Foundation, University
of Sidney, Sidney, Australia.

Iqbal Z., Kamran
Z., Sultan J.I., Ali A., Ahmad S., Shahzad M.I., Ahsan U. and Ashraf Sand
Sohail M.U.(2015). Replacement effect of vitamin E with grape polyphenols on
antioxidant status, immune, and organs histopathological responses in broilers
from 1- to 35-d age. J.Appl. Poul. Res. 24, 127-134.

A.J.M.,Huisman J. and van der Poel A. F. B.(1989). Recent Advances in Research
of Antinutritional Factors in Legume Seeds.. Liener, ed. Pudoc, Wageningen, the

Jacobs D.M.,
Fuhrmann J. C., van Dorsten F.A., Rein D., Peters S., van Velzen E.J.,
Hollebrands  B., Draijer R., van
Duynhoven  J., Garczarek U.(2012). Impact
of short-term intake of red wine and grape polyphenol extract on the human
metabolome. J. Agri. Food Chem. 60,3078–3085.

Kim E.Y., Pai T.
K., Han O.(2011). Effect of bioactive dietary polyphenols on zinc transport
across the intestinal Caco-2 cell monolayers. J. Agri. Food Chem. 59,

Konowalchuk  J. and Speirs J.I.(2009). Virus inactivation
by grapes and wines.Appli. Environm. Microbiol. 32, 757-763.

Krogdahl  A.(1985). Digestion and absorption of lipids
in poultry. J. Nutrit. 115, 675–685.

Lachman J.,
Hejtmánkova A., Hejtmánkova K., Hornickova S., Pivec V., Skala O., Dedina M.,
Pribyl J.(2013). Towards complex utilisation of winemakingresidues:
characterisation of grape seeds by total phenols, tocols and essential elements
content as a by-product of winemaking. Ind. Crops Prod. 49,445–453.

Laparra  J.M., Sanz Y.(2010). Interactions of gut
microbiota with functional foods and nutraceuticals. Pharmacol. Res. 61,

Lemos C., Peters
G.J., Jansen G., Martel F., Calhau C.(2007). Modulation of folate uptake in
cultured human colon adenocarcinoma Caco-2 cells by dietary compounds. Euro. J.
Nutrit. 46, 329–336.

Llobera A.,
Canellas J.(2007). Dietary fibre content and antioxidant activity of Manto
Negro red grape (Vitis vinifera), pomace and stem. Food Chem. 101,659–666.

Longstaff M.,
McNab J. M.(1991). The inhibitory effects of hull polysaccharides and tannins
of field beans (Vicia faba L) on the digestion of amino acids, starch and lipid
and on digestive enzyme activities in young chicks. Brit.J. Nutrit. 65,

Lau D.W., King
A.J.(2003). Pre- and post-mortem use of grape seed extract in dark poultry meat
to inhibit development of thiobarbituric acid reactive substances.J. Agri. Food
Chem. 51, 1602–1607.

Ma Q., Kim E.Y.,
Han O.(2010). Bioactive dietary polyphenols decrease heme iron absorption by
decreasing basolateral iron release in human intestinal Caco-2 cells. J. Nutrit.

Ma Q., Kim E.Y.,
Lindsay E.A., Han O.(2011). Bioactive dietary polyphenols inhibit heme iron
absorption in a dosedependent manner in human intestinal Caco-2 cells. J. Food
Sci.76, 143–150.

Martel F.,
Monteiro R., Calhau C.(2010).Effect of polyphenols on the intestinal and
placental transport of some bioactive compounds. Nutrit. Res. Revi. 23,

McDougall G.J.,
Shpiro F., Dobson P.,Smith P., Blake A., Stewart D.(2005).Different
polyphenolic components of soft fruits inhibit alpha-amylase and
alpha-glucosidase. J. Agri. Food Chem. 53, 2760–2766.

McIlroy S.G.,Goodall
E.A., Rice D.A.,McNulty M.S., Kennedy D.G.(1993).Improved performance in
commercial broiler flocks with subclinical infectious bursal disease when fed
diets containing increased concentrations of vitamin E.Avian Pathology. 22,

C., Scalbert A., Morand C., Rémésy C., Jiménez L.(2004). Polyphenol: food
sources and bioavailability. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 79, 727–744.

P.,Edwards R.A.,Greenhalgh J.F.D. and Morgan C.A.(1995).Animal  Nutrition. Published by Prentice Hall, New
York, New York.

E., Moumen A., Martín-García A.I.(2008). By-products from viticulture and the
wine industry: potential as sources of nutrients forruminants. J. Sci. Food
Agric. 88, 597–604.

Monagas M.,
Urpi-Sarda M., Sánchez-Patán F., Llorach R., Garrido I. and Gómez-Cordovés C.(2010).
Insights into the metabolism and microbial biotransformation of dietary
flavan-3-ols and the bioactivity of their metabolites. Food & Function.1,

Moreno D.A.,
Ilic N., Poulev A.,Brasaemle D.L., Fried S.K., Raskin I.(2003). Inhibitory
effects of grape seed extract on lipases. Nutrition .19, 876–879.

Nyachotti  C.M., Atkinson J. L. and Leeson S.(1997). Sorghum
tannins: A review. World’s Poult. Sci. J. 53,5–21.

Ortiz L.T.,
Centeno C., Trevino J.(1993).Tannin in faba bean seeds: effects on the
digestion of protein and amino acids in growing chicks. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol.
41, 271–278.

Papadopoulou C., Soulti K. and Roussis G.(2005). Potential antimicrobialactivity of
red and white wine phenolic extracts against strains of Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli and Candida
albicans. Food Tech. Biotechnol.43,

Prochazkova D.,
Bousova  I., Wilhelmova N.(2011).Antioxidant
and prooxidant properties of flavonoids. Fitoterapia .82,513–523.

F., Llòpiz N., Ardévol A., Bladé C., Arola L. and Salvadó M.J.(2005). Grape
seed procyanidins prevent oxidative injury by modulating the expressionof
antioxidant enzyme systems. J. Agri. Food Chem.53, 6080-6086.

Quideau S.,
Deffieux D., Casassus D., Pouys L.(2011). PlantPolyphenols: Chemical
Properties, Biological Activities, and Synthesis. Angew, Chemstry
International . 50, 586 – 621.

R., Romero R., Chacón J.L., Martínez J., García E.(2006). Phenolic compounds in
skins and seeds of ten grape Vitis viniferavarieties grown in a warm climate.
J. Food Compos. Anal. 19, 687–693.

M.J., Alberto M.R., Manca de Nadra M.C.(2007). Antibacterial effect of phenolic
compounds from different wines. Food Control. 18,93–101.

Rodrigo R.,
Miranda A., Vergara L.(2011). Modulation of endogenous antioxidant system by
wine polyphenols in human disease. Clinica Chimica Acta .412, 410–424.

Roy  D. M., Schneeman  B. O.(1981). Effect of soy protein, casein and
trypsin inhibitor on cholesterol, bile acids and pancreatic enzymes in mice.
Journal of Nutrition. 111, 878–885.

T., Monagas M., Pozo-Bayón M.A., Martín-Álvarez P.J., Bartolomé B., Campo R.,
Ávila M., Martínez-Cuesta M.C., Peláez C., Moreno-Arribas M.V.(2010).
Perspectives of the potential implications of wine polyphenols on human oral
and gut microbiota. Trends Food Sci. Technol. 21, 332–344.

F., Cueva C., Monagas M., Walton G.E., Gibson G.R., Martín-Álvarez P.J.,
Moreno-Arribas M.V., Bartolomé B.(2012). Gut microbialcatabolism of grape seed
flavan-3-ols by human faecal microbiota. Targeted analysis of precursor
compounds, intermediate metabolites andend-products. Food Chem. 131,

L., Mohan R., Braune A., Birringer M., Blaut M.(2002). Anaerobic C-ring
cleavage of genistein and daidzein by Eubacterium ramulus. FEMSMicrobiol. Lett.
208, 197–202.

M.V., Espin J.C., Tomás-Barberán F.A.(2009). Interaction between phenolics and
gut microbiota: role in human health. J. Agric. Food Chem. 57,6485–6501.

Seven T.P., Seven I., Yilmaz
M.M. and
Ugsims E.K.(2008). The effects
of turkish propolis on growth and carcass charac-teristics in broilers under
heat stress. Anim. Feed Scie. Technol.146, 137-148.

J.M., Mingo E., Hidalgo M., Pascual-Teresa S., Carrascosa A.V.,
Martinez-Rodriguez A.J.(2013). Antibacterial activity of a grape seed extract
and itsfractions against Campylobacter spp. Food Control. 29, 25–31.

Smith A.H.,
Mackie R.I.(2004). Effects of condensed tannins from Acacia angustissima on the
ecology and diversity of tannin tolerant bacteria in rat feces.Appl. Environ.
Microbiol. 70, 1104–1115.

Spanghero M.,
Salem A.Z.M., Robinson P.H.(2009). Chemical composition, including secondary
metabolites and rumen fermentability of seeds and pulpof Californian (USA) and
Italian grape pomaces. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 152, 243–255.

Surai P.F.(1999).
Vitamin E in avian reproduction. Poultry and Avian Biology Reviews .10,

Surai P.F.(2002).
Natural Antioxidants in Avian Nutrition and Reproduction. Nottingham University
Press, Nottingham,UK.

Surai P. F.,
Sparks N. H. C.(2001).Designer eggs: from improvement of egg composition to
functional food. Trends in Food Sci. Technol. 12, 7–16.

Surai P. F.(2006).
Selenium in Nutrition and Health. Nottingham University Press,Nottingham, UK.

Surai P.F.,
Spinnler Benade A.J., Speake B.(2008): Natural antioxidants in landand
marine-based wild-type food: risk reduction. In: F. De Meester, R. Ross Watson
(eds), Wild-type Food in Health Promotion and Disease Prevention.Humana Press,
Totowa, New Jersey,pp. 357–375.

Surai P.F.,
Fisinin V. I.(2010). Ill health effects of food lipids: consequences of
inadequate food processing, storage and cooking. In: F. De Meester, S. Zibadi,
R.Ross (eds), Modern Dietary Fat Intakes in Disease Promotion. Humana Press,

Tzounis X.,
Vulevic J., Kuhnic G.G.C., George T., Leonczak J., Gibson C.R., Kwik-Uribe C.,
Spencer J.P.E.(2008). Flavanol monomer-induced changes to thehuman faecal
microflora. Br. J. Nutr. 99, 782–792.

Torres J.L.,
Varela B., García M.T., Carilla J., Matito C., Centelles J.J., Cascante M.,
Sort X., Bobet R.(2002). Valorization of grape (Vitis vinifera)
byproducts.Antioxidant and biological properties of polyphenolic fractions
differing in procyanidin composition and flavonol content. J. Agric. Food Chem.

Tortuero F.,
Rioperez J., Cosin C., Barrera J., Rodriguez M.L.(1994). Effects of dietary
fiber sources on volatile fatty acid production, intestinal microfloraand
mineral balance in rabbits. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 48, 1–14.

Viveros A.,
Chamorro S., Pizarro M., Arija I., Centeno C. and Brenes A.(2011). Effects of
dietary polyphenol-rich grape products on intestinal microflora and gut morphology
in broiler chicks.  Poult.Sci.90,

M., Griffith A.M., Michels A.J., Schneider E., Frei B.(2012). Grape seed and
tea extracts and Catechin 3-gallates are potent inhibitors of a-amylase and
a-glucosidase activity. J. Agri. Food Chem. 60, 8924–8929.

You Q., Chen F.,
Wang X., Luo P.G.,Jiang Y.(2011). Inhibitory effects of muscadine anthocyanins
on a-glucosidase and pancreatic lipase activities.J. Agri. Food Chem. 59,

Yu J., Ahmedna
M.(2013). Functional components of grape pomace: their composition, biological
properties and potential applications. Int. J. Food Sci.Technol. 48,

Xia E.Q., Deng
G.F., Ya-Jun K., Guo Y.J. and Hua-Bin Li H.B.(2010). Biological activities of
polyphenols from grapes. Inter.J.Molc. Sci.11, 622-646.




I'm Dora!

Would you like to get a custom essay? How about receiving a customized one?

Click here