Recognizing the astounding progress made by countries like Portugal and Estonia who arewell-suited to decriminalize narcoticsUnderstanding the difficult and complex situation of the international drug tradeHaving humanity for those that are victimized by the drug trade, either as addicts, or as beingforced to grow cropsConceding that the war on drugs has been disastrous in many communitiesRecognising the immensely important effect of social stigma on the rehabilitation andreintegration of former victims of narcotic addiction,Overjoyed by the positive impacts of needle sharing programs with a decline in drug-related HIVinfections across europe, with a 70% decrease in Finland,Recognising the potential strides able to be made by implementing additional results-orientedsocial policies such as needle distribution programs, safe injection sites, and naloxone.
Theorising that the presence of accessible naloxone in proximity to drug addicts willAppalled at the brutal sentences applied to non-violent victims of the drug trade,Recognising the idea of prohibition as law enforcement has failed.Operative Clauses:Combating Gangs and Security:Keeping in mind that the definition of gang is as follows: an organized group ofcriminals, typically in small numbers, that engage in illegal activities.1. Recognizing gangs are a symptom of underlying community problems, we propose thefollowing three pronged approach to addressing them:a. Prevention to stop youths from joining gangs,i. Taking place in three areas primarily, at school, at home, and within thecommunity to create a holistic ecosystem around at-risk youthsii. Youth oriented social programs that aim to create anti-drug cultureiii.
Strong school foundations and extra curricular activities for children ofworking families to reduce time and vulnerability to gangsb. Intervention to provide a path out of a gang for youths already involved,i. Classifying youths in accordance with their age groups, sort the identifiedindividuals into the following:1. Employment initiatives to provide a paying job and salary toyouths2.
Education initiatives to get youths back into school to completetheir General Education Degrees (GEDs)c. Enforcement of existing policy and punishments on gang activity, via thei. Increased police presence to deter street gang activity in communitiesmost affected by the gang violence, (destabilizing the influence of gangculture?)ii. Establishment of Community Law Enforcement Area Recovery(C.L.E.
A.R.) in each country, designed to coordinate the strategies andco-locate the resources of different regional governments and policedepartments to combat gang crime,1. A successful example of which was in Los Angeles, during thefirst six months that the C.L.E.A.R.
program was fully operational,gang related violent crime decreased by 39 percent in the targetedarea, and 35 percent in the surrounding neighborhoods.iii. Creation of a civil injunction unit to press charges and secure civilinjunctions against targeted gangs, enforcing them by means of civil andcriminal sanctions,1. Also responsible for the prosecution of cases involving targetedgang members and taggers2. With attorneys participating in community forums and publichearings to advise on policies and procedures affecting gangviolence,3.
Unit attorneys train and advise law enforcement agencies in theinvestigation of matters handled by the Unit2. Creates a database utilizing CLEAR and INTERPOL as its main form of execution,a. That gathers information from willing local police departments,i. Use this information to form a history of drug communities,ii.
Delegates them as “at risk” for up to 5 yearsb. Increase collection of information from convicted gang and cartel membersi. Institute leniency programs that provide amnesty to low level cartelmembers and organizations in exchange for information on cartelactivities,ii. Emphasize value of gang leaders when convicting minor playersc.
Compiles and monitors new drugs entering the global market in order to preventoutbreaks of deadly narcotics like fentanyld. Desiring that this will be available to all member states who demonstrate awillingness to to combat drug supply reduction and drug-related violenceCombating Cartels:Keeping in mind that the definition of cartel is as follows;an association of manufacturers orsuppliers with the purpose of maintaining prices at a high level and restricting competition.3. Understanding that cartels and illegal drug trafficking and abuse is not a moral issue, buta significant threat to domestic security and regional stability, we recommend individualstates:a.
Shift focus away from targeting only cartel kingpins to also considering theecosystem surround cartels,i. To address the problem of atomization from shattering larger criminalempires which leaves smaller and more violent factionsii. To discourage the diversification of crime groups raising money fromraising money from kidnapping or extortion as these can be completed at asmaller scale/does not require logistics of drug traffickingb.
Protect the media and prevent drug cartels from dictating (many drug cartelsdictate press coverage) – information vacuum makes it difficult for citizens to staysafe and be awarec. Increase monitoring of cartel members to halt cartel operation via use oftechnology such asi. drones for surveillance and tracking devices not on people but onvehicles/possessions (Drug enforcement Administration’s take down ofArellano Felix Organization in 2005 by tracking a yacht)4. Implement judicial reforms, expand access to credit, grow the middle class, and promotegovernment accountability and transparency – vast and flexible criminal networks cannotbe broken up by the state of Cameroon and other developing nations as is.5. Implementing programs of prevention in countries where such programs don’t exist.6. Educating the people about the negative impacts of drugs on their health.
a. Using advertisement campaigns to prevent people from using drugs and illicitsubstances.7. Strengthening of border based security measuresa. Establishment of cross-national drug-police forcesb. Development of extensive domestic policy aimed at regulation of importsc. Increased border security and surveillance to minimize illegal movement ofmoney and drugsi.
(potentially granting incentives for security red-flagging trafficked drugs)8. Impose stricter state control of chemicals necessary to convert coca leaves to coca basethrougha. Strengthening protection of chemicals during transportationb.
Use global databases to identify chemical sources of major cartels9. Encourage distinction between producer, transit, and consumer countries in order toprovide more effective and region-specific policy10. Target stages of production where value-added is greatest, such as large cocaineproduction facilities or large shipmentsa.
Use existing databases to identify specific routes and areas of transportationPublic Health and Decriminalization:11. Noting the public health emergency caused by drug abuse and addiction,b. Recognizing that drug users are victims of the drug trade,c. Encouraging rehabilitation and treatment of drug addicts rather than punishment,d.
Implementing health policies that aim to prevent drug induced fatalities ,i. Install and strengthen community education programs to teach the generalpopulation how to administer naloxone, a drug that blocks the effects ofopioid substances, to minimize harm to users, in the event of an overdoseii. Create needle exchange to prevent the transmission of HIV, Hepatitis, andother infectious diseases1. Accompany these programs with distribution of naloxoneiii. Implementing supervised drug consumption rooms and heroin-assistedtreatment12. Encourages the decriminalization of the use and small possession of narcotics, cocaine, andmarijuana with a focus ona. Reallocation of freed up funds through decriminalizationb. Creation of a public health campaign that focuses on the stigma of drug usec.
Moving towards rehabilitation programs, particularly for first-time offenders13. Recommends decriminalizing the usage of drugs on a small scale, individual level,e. Decriminalize possession for personal use offenses to prevent massincarcerations,f. To increase awareness of drug problems to stop the drug cartel’s influence,g.
Draws distinctions between classes of drugs for legal clarifications,i. Class A being mild concern, including cocaine,ii. Class B being moderate concern, including LSD,iii. Class C being high concern, including heroine, amphetamines,h. Individuals with possession will be subjected to scrutiny whether they exhibitsigns of addiction or not, and showing signs of addiction face rehabilitation,i. First offence; 20 day detox,ii. Second offence; 60 day detox,iii. Third offence; 160 day detox,Education?:14.
Introduces an education program for local communities based on a National Drug policy thathas proven its effect in Australiaa. Promotes the awareness of effects of drugs, to eventually reduce and finallyeradicate the use of drugs that will have a direct effect on the gangs and cartelsactivities,,i. Develop new innovative ways to delay the useii. Provided through the resources of UNICEF and various organizationsb. Prevent potential health, social and economical harm of drugsi. Enhance access to evidence-informed effective and affordable treatmentc. Invest in education on drugsd.
Provide support for people to recover from dependancee. Develop and share data and research measure, performance and outcomef. Using advertisement campaigns and other techniques to15. Identifies “at risk” local regions that have a history of drug use, particularly in developingnations16.
Creates an educational program called DASE designed to implement “drug awareness andsafety education” among youth who attend schools in areas that are often targets of gangs andcartelsg. DASE focuses on educating young people about the danger of various drugs, andthe dangers that come from joining cartels.Requesting that the United Nations promote a plan in which we move towards a system in whichnations may prosecute traffickers carrying more than ten thousand dollars worth of drugs intosaid nation may be prosecuted under the laws of that nationImproving Port Security:17.
Recognizing technologies for monitoring containers in ports and supply chainsa.) Emphasizing radio frequency identification (RFID) tags, which aim to allowidentifying presences near readers or real time location systems (RTLS) whichlocate devices within restricted areas. RFID enables automating process duringthe supply chain and assist in the authentication of goods.b.) Realizing electronic seals (e-seals) attached to the containers door allow inaddition to mechanical security an automated verifying of integrity of containers.
There are several types of electronic sealsc.) Desiring tracking devices, using location technologies, mainly satellitepositioning and communication technology. Additional MEMS sensors forexample: temperature, humidity, light, pressure and chock can provide data aboutenvironmental conditions in the container.18. Further imploring container security devices, which combine tracking devices with intrusionsensors.a.) Communicate breaches in real time through cellular or satellite communication tocontrol centersb.
) Implement door and light sensors; sensing opening of doors to improve securityc.) Utilize Volumetric Passive Infrared sensors, which detect intrusions by bypassing thecontainer doord.) Incorporate CSD devised to have short range REID technology.Emphasizes the need for a reduction of barriers such as high tax impositions as well as lengthypermitting processes, at both the domestic and international levels, that make opiate-basedmedicine provided by pharmaceutical companies hard to obtain in light of an apparent lack ofbusiness partnership between pharmaceutical companies, both large and small, and governingbodies that;a. Specifically impacts those underdeveloped and developing countries whosehealthcare infrastructure is inherently and structurally weakenedb. In turn increases reliance on illegally obtained and produced drugs rather thanthose legally provided by pharmaceutical companies to distributors19.
Supports creation of a database that would function as a place for leaders of NGO’s that workto provide safe and sustainable outlets for the creation of drug policy, as reported by the 2017World Drug Policy Report;a. The report found that those who sought to get involved in the production of newdrug policy, volunteer, and contribute to international initiatives were unable tofind regional leadersOn Money laundering:20. Suggests implementing a Twin track approach, as already implemented by member states ofthe European Union, including both preventive and repressive policies into the baking system toensure proper measures, including but not limited to;a) Create sufficient transparency to deter institutions from being willing to launderi) Creating positives incentives including soft paternalism (i.e.
positivereinforcement, education, shifting the societies behavioural attitude). This wouldprevent privatized business’ from losing a customer, or revenue.ii) Enhancing Customer due diligence (i.e. identification of the beneficial owner aswell as proper verification)iii) Creating an information sharing network between governments, and banks(domestic) to ensure that that information is shared through a common network towarn banks with similar patterns, which would then set up direct connectionsbetween national beneficial ownership registers.iv) Measures aiming to punish money launderers through criminal law, freezingassets1.) Proposes that banks require the adequate training to be able to deter criminals fromusing institutions to launder the proceeds of their crimes, and are able to identifyloopholes.a) Training to be mandated on the behalf of the banksb) To repeat training sessions every two to four years to ensure that the banks are updatedon new and/or current issues.
21. Recommends using the following measures to combat money laundering;a) Implementing central bank registers to improve the information access and exchange.i) These central banks would hold payment accounts of each person’s, which wouldregister the information at all times.b) Encouraging transparency of beneficial ownershipi) Implement measures relating to the beneficial ownership of companies, trusts andcorporate such as allowing the public to have access to certain beneficialownership information, with a view to make profit.
ii) Propose a systematic monitoring of of existing customers.c) Enforcing that virtual currency operators and custodian wallet providers be covered bythe AML (Anti-Money laundering) regime.i) This would mean that they are bound by the requirements to verify customer’sidentity and monitor financial transactions22. Supports the creation of an oversight board to be operated within the Financial Action TaskForce, which studies in detailed analysis the movement of money over international borders, forthe purpose ofa. Ensuring that wire transfers from one nation to another are not derived from illicitdrug operations that corrupt the integrity of both national economies and theglobal economyb. Alleviating a similar circumstance to that of the U.K. and U.
S. 2017 case in whicha prominent, unnamed U.K. bank was unaware of the persistence of $83 billion inwire transfers that derived directly from illicit drug production operationsc.
Being accountable to the flow of money that intermediary countries use asgateways to move money to or from countries that are producing large-scale drugoperations23. Authorizes the creation of a coalition comprised of pharmaceutical corporations and theInternational Federation of Pharmaceutical Manufacturers and Associations (IFPMA):a. IFPMAi. Creation of a ranking system that ranks corporations working towards combatingthe war on drugs and the public health crisis of drug use1. Gold—companies that have contributed x amount of dollars towards thewar on drugs and have invested in reduced-price drugs to developingcountries2. Silver—companies that have contributed y amount of dollars towards thewar on drug and have semi invested in reduced priced drugs in developingcountries3. Bronze—companies that have contributed z amount of dollars towards thewar on drugs but have not invested in reduced price drugs in developingcountriesb. Pharmaceutical corporationsI.
Providing reduced priced pain reliever drugs to nations under invested inII. Increase research in non-addictive pain relievers through receiving expedited reviewof their clinical trial applications for non-addictive pain relievers1.) Recommends the disbursing of freed up funds due to decriminalization to be reinvested inthe war on drugs througha. Supporting alternative development in countries most affected by rural farming of illicitcropsb. Increasing funding needed for police interdiction of trafficking channels, processing labs, andstockpilesc. Supporting the C.L.
programd. Funding the surveillance operations24. Encourages a partnership with USAID and other relevant NGOs to promote alternativedevelopment that will work with farmers producing illicit crops bya.
Promoting the cultivation of sustainable cropsb. Partnering with developing nations to specifically export from farmers working under thisprogramLong term solutions1. Provides for economic subsidies for farmers producing sustainable crops to encourageaway from drug production2. Designing and Implementing education programs for farmers to understand the effects ofdrugs on their land and the benefits of sustainable farming3. Recommending development of infrastructure that allows for sustainable farmingthroughout agriculture industry (Implementing sustainable agriculture in order totransition economic means from illegal drug trafficking to agriculture )a. Supports partnerships with economically stable countries to exchange financialsupport for discount crops and productionb. Increased resources for sustainable farmers to incentivize sustainable production,c.
Reduced aid and government resources for drug producing farmersd. Increased benefits and security over timee. 5 year tax cut after success of sustainable production and methods