The literature exploring use of Rational emotive behavior (REBT) in corrective services is known of but limited in actual use. The responsibly hedonistic individual is believed able to adapt to more rational views and responses and facilitate their achievement of goals. For inmates diagnosed for Antisocial Personality Disorder (sociopathic) there is an irrational belief that rules of society do not apply to them. The expectations of others do not rate highly on their list of priorities. Currently, there is no widely accepted theory for applying to interventions to enable the sociopathic personality.
Factors that may influence the outcomes of interventions with sociopaths are manipulative behaviors, lying and initially having a positive attitude toward the treatment and then their interest waning. The value of REBT to the corrective services psychologist remains unclear. The present study uses a case study approach for one prison setting in North America. An A-B-A-B design with a semi-structured interview is expected to find that participants have lower BAI scores on average following REBT intervention.
A standardized measure, the Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI) (Beck & Steer, 1990) will be used. This will provide a comparison of the participant’s levels of anxiety across the CBT intervention periods when the treatment is administered and when it is not. Thus, it is expected that the inmate participants in this study will experience, on average, less anxiety during counseling sessions that are REBT focused (the alternate counseling will be informal discussion).
The independent variables will be the times of testing (i. . , ABAB) and the dependant variable will be the levels of anxiety. It is anticipated that this study will extend understandings of anti-social personality disorder and REBT in the prison environment and so inform policy and best practices to enable habilitation of inmates. A case study approach provides for a focus for understanding the complexity of an issue such as anti-social personality disorder. It is able to build on knowledge developed from previous research.